Cytomegalovirus is considered to be part of the herpes viruses group under the herpes viral genus. It is specifically known to exist in humans as Human Herpesvirus 5, otherwise known as HHV-5 and HCMV. Infections are commonly associated with the salivary glands but there are instances when the effect reaches high magnitude that systems are endangered.
Take a journey to the microscopic world to have a peek at how cytomegalovirus is addressed.
A look at how it can transpire. Majority of post-birth HCMV cases are asymptomatic. Although there are several cases that exhibit similar symptoms with that of grandular syndromes. There is mild form of hepatitis, fever for extended periods, and sore throat. After infection strikes the virus decides to have a slumber within the T-cells of your body. It is then stimulated when your immune system goes down which can be attributed to the aging process, drug abuse, and other versions of infection. The infectious variant of this condition can be passed via body fluids such as tear, semen, breast milk, saliva, urine, and blood.
A close look at infants. HCMV is a very tricky condition. It is important to know how it behaves to map out appropriate treatment plans. Apart from immunosuppressed person an unborn child who has been exposed to infection during the period of pregnancy has an increased chance of acquiring the disease. In lieu with this, it is vital to note temporary symptoms and permanent disabilities that may arise. Affected infants will manifest the likes of seizures, liver and lung problems, small for gestational age, and jaundice months or years after being delivered. Altered mental state, deafness, blindness, reduced body coordination, and death are major debilitating conditions that can come into the picture.
Prophylaxis in mind. HCMV has been linked with organ transplantations of the liver, kidney, heart, lung, and pancreas. This is why the Cytomegalovirus Immune Globulin Intravenous or CMV-IGIV has been established as a vital part of preventive treatment. It is referred to as an Immunoglobulin G, which contains a significant amount of antibody targeting HCMV. It has been utilized on two accounts: one on its own and the other with an antiviral agent. It has benefited transplant clients by lessening the risk of HCMV-related diseases, providing long-term survival rate, and minimizing treatment-related side effects and adverse reactions.
Medications for different occasions. Ganciclovir or Cytovene and Valgancyclovir or Valcyte (take orally) are two drugs that have been utilized to address HCMV-related conflicts particularly when it has become a threat to a person’s sight and eventually to his life. Drug resistance can occur due to amino acid changes in the viral DNA polymerase and UL97 protein kinase. When this occurs a different drug is added into the fray. It is called Foscarnet or Cidofovir. This is an alternate treatment for Ganciclovir because of its harmful effects on the client’s kidneys.
A unique weapon in the battlefield. Kampo is a Japanese herbal medicine that can be included in your HCMV regimen. Studies show that it can face the devastating effects of Cytomegalovirus without frying up healthy cells. You can choose among the three preparations that can be made.
Communication with your doctor is top priority. The aforementioned scenarios should be discussed in full length. They are important in providing you with correct management options that will ensure that the remaining percentage of your healthy being is kept intact.