Foot cramps can be extremely bothersome and nearly crippling for sufferers. Pain is often caused by overuse from standing or exercise. Painful cramps can also be brought on by electrolyte and mineral depletion or by dehydration caused by excessive sweating. Inadequate dietary intake of minerals is another cause. There are some simple treatment methods.
The first thing one should do when suddenly struck with a foot cramp is to sit or lie down and get off your feet. Standing or walking for long periods of time is a big contributor to cramping. Sitting down should equate to some immediate pain relief. The area should be massaged to break up the muscle spasm. This may require some serious pressure and result in pain, but the muscle knot must be interrupted and relaxed to relieve these foot problems. Stretching the foot by flexing the toes toward the ceiling and possibly pulling the toes toward the knee may also be of great benefit.
You can best treat foot cramp pain by avoiding it. If you have a history of frequent cramps, some dietary changes may be necessary. If you know the causes, you can start taking steps for prevention. Mineral deficiency is a known cause of muscle cramps and spasms. Potassium, magnesium and calcium all play a role in muscle contraction, and you should be sure to eat foods high in those minerals, such as bananas and dairy products. The simple addition of bananas to the diet is a sure-fire cure for many people.
You should also be sure to drink plenty of water. Dehydration from excessive sweating, inadequate fluid intake and use of diuretics can cause electrolyte imbalances. Dehydrating liquids such as caffeinated beverages and sodas should be avoided. This will help restore the balance of the body chemistry and prevent cramps.
Well-made appropriately fitting shoes should be worn. Often, foot cramps can be caused by ill fitting shoes. The arch of the shoe should be supportive but not intrusive and should fit the arch of the foot. There are many different shapes of feet and shoes and some experimentation may be necessary to find the right fit. Lastly, you should be sure to get plenty of rest. Adequate rest, appropriate exercise and a healthy diet are essential for foot health and pain-free walking.