Hepatitis B is a disease caused by the hepatitis B virus, which infects the liver causing inflammation known as hepatitis. If you start noticing vomiting, jaundice and you have previously been diagnosed with an inflamed liver then there’s a chance that you are a victim of the hepatitis B virus. This is a dangerous illness as it can cause death when not properly treated.
You may have acquired the hepatitis B virus from exposure to infectious blood or body fluids having some blood. The modes of transmission includes: unprotected sexual intercourse, blood transfusions, reuse of infected syringes and transfer from mother to child on the occasion of childbirth.
Hepatitis B can be treated in a number of ways, one of which is to take the proper medication. It should be noted that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has sanctioned four medicines for the treatment of active hepatitis B disease. These are:
- Alfa Interferon -- This is an antiviral drug with an antiproliferative and immunomodilatory ingredient that is applied to the body by subcutaneous injection each day or three times a week, for 12-16 weeks or longer. With sufficient instruction, patients can apply the injections at home with no difficulty. The reported side effects of alfa interferon are: muscle pain, tiredness, and fever, which may be alleviated by the intake of Tylenol (acetaminophen). In some occasions persons suffering from hepatitis B may notice low white blood cells, headaches, and irritability. Undiscovered autoimmune weakness may also be revealed.
- Lamivudine -- This prevents hepatitis B viral DNA production. The prescribed intake is once a day and it should be taken orally. Adults and children are allowed to use this medicine.
- Adefovir dipivoxil -- This medicine prevents DNA polymerase function and overturn transcriptase. Just like Lamividine, Adefovir dipivoxil should be taken orally daily. It has been linked with kidney dysfunction, especially if taken in high amounts.
- Baraclude -- This is the newest medicine sanctioned by the FDA for the cure of chronic hepatitis B. It functions by preventing the operation of Hepatitis B virus polymerase. Side effects associated with this drug include headache, tiredness, dizziness and nausea. Baraclude is taken through the mouth, once each day and the best extent of therapy is not yet identified.
Aside from taking medicines you should also consider the following actions in order to treat hepatitis B or at least to improve your condition:
- Assess the viability of taking a post exposure anti-body injection. This treatment is best when taken within three days after exposure.
- Get sufficient rest to help your body.
- Food intake should be high in proteins and carbohydrates to assist in guarding your liver and restoring damaged cells.
- Go through a yearly liver performance and cancer screening examination if you are a carrier.
- Reduce and, as much as possible, avoid drinking alcohol if you are a carrier, because it will inflict harm to your life.
- Make sure that before taking drugs, you have sought the advice of your doctor. You should do this precautionary measure since the drugs you take may also cause damage to your liver.
- These different types of treating hepatitis B may affect you in a number of ways. It is best to seek medical guidance from your physician before going through or taking any of these medicines.