As stated by the American Cancer Society, more than 7.6 million people around the world died from cancer in 2007. There are different types of cancer, and one of these is Lymphoma. Lymphoma is a type of cancer that starts in the immune system cells. Like any other cancer, lymphoma takes place when the immune system cells called lymphocytes are in a condition of unrestrained cell growth and reproduction. There are two types of Lymphoma, and these are Hodgkin's Lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. People with Hodgkin's and Non-Hodgkin's may experience the same symptoms such as bulging in the neck or groin. The large cells or enlarged lymph nodes can intrude on the blood vessels and constrict blood flow to other parts of the body. Like other cancers, it can be treated with the help of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
The causes of lymphoma are genetics, carcinogens and other medical factors.
- Genetics. Lymphoma can be inherited from your family. If one of the members in your family has lymphoma, it's best to take an early diagnosis test to prevent it from becoming fatal.
- Carcinogens. Carcinogens are known to harm the DNA make up of your body cells. Contact with harmful chemicals like pesticides, solvents and benzene have been linked with Lymphoma cancer.
- People with immune problems such as Lupus or people with HIV infection and Hepatitis are prone to get Hodgkin's Lymphoma or Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.
How to treat lymphoma?
- Consult your doctor. If you are suffering from lymphoma symptoms like bulging in the neck or groin, fever, night sweats, inexplicable weight loss and chills then it's time for you to consult with your doctor.
- Take a complete physical examination, blood tests and imaging procedures such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), an X-Ray, a Computerized Tomography (CT) scan, Lymphangiogram, Positron Emission Topography (PET) scan or a Gallium Scan. These tests will help the doctor identify the stage of the lymphoma cancer.
- Undergo chemotherapy. Chemotherapy helps to kill cancer cells and other cells that are rapidly growing. The normal cells can be affected too, but they normally recuperate from the chemical treatment. Chemotherapy is done in cycles so your body has ample time to cure itself between dosages. During chemotherapy, the patient may experience regular side effects such as vomiting, nausea and hair loss.
- Undergo radiation. Radiation treatment helps to wipe out cancer cells by directing high energy gamma rays on the spot. With the help of radiation treatment, the molecules that contain cancer cells die. In most cases, it's combined with other cancer treatments. The regular side effects of radiation treatment are nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, skin burns, exhaustion and loss of appetite.
- Undergo induction therapy. To stop lymphoma from re-occurring, you need to undergo induction therapy.
There are no ways to stop Lymphoma, but medical doctors advise patients to stay away from viral infections or medical conditions that can damage your immune system.