Mononucleosis, or mono, is a disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus or cytomegalovirus. It's extremely contagious, and there is still no known cure. Although it should eventually clear up on its own, you can still follow these guidelines on how to treat mononucleosis.
Get enough rest. Mononucleosis causes you to feel tired and ill all the time. The best way to combat this is to do what your body wants and get lots of rest. Don't feel guilty for wanting or needing to sleep. Your body needs the down-time to recover from mononucleosis. Whether it takes several weeks or several months, rest is going to be your number one way to recovery from mono.
Drink lots of fluids. While you're dealing with mono, it's also important to drinks lots of fluids to flush out your system. Remember - you've got a virus in you and it's going to take some time to get rid of it. But you can speed up the process by drinking water, tea, and fruit juices. Stay hydrated.
Treat your sore throat. If you find that your mononucleosis is accompanied by a sore throat, it's okay to treat your sore throat with some home remedies. Gargling with some warm salt water should ease your sore throat. Just put a tablespoon of water into a teacup full of warm water and gargle (don't swallow) for a minute. Do this several times a day for best results. You might also want to try throat lozenges. Sucking on one will add moisture to your throat and bring temporary relief. A popsicle or a hard candy will do the same.
You will only make your sore throat worse if you eat spicy foods while you have mononucleosis. So try to stay away from any type of food that will irritate your airways.
Eat properly. Along with avoiding spicy foods, you should try to treat your mononucleosis with a healthy diet. Good nutrition is vital to keeping your immune system one step ahead of your mononucleosis. A diet that is rich in vitamins is essential. So opt for whole foods - fruits, vegetables, and natural meats. You don't want to consume too much processed food. Instead, fill up on healthy things that carry lots of nutritional benefits for your healing body. (As a side note, it is suggested that you eat a few small meals throughout the day rather than 3 large ones so that your body can more easily digest your food. This will be easier on your entire system while you are recovering.)
Try medications and supplements. The general aches and pains that accompany mononucleosis can be treated with ibuprofen or acetaminophen (Advil, aspirin, or Tylenol). Any of these will reduce fevers and general aches and pains. If you're interested in a more natural way to treat mononucleosis, use herbs like astagalus or Echinacea in a tea. A good, high-potency multi-vitamin is recommended for overall body health as well. In general, lots of vitamin C, vitamin E, and vitamin A will strengthen your immune system and help your body treat your mononucleosis.