Nocturia is characterized by frequent needs to urinate at night, thus interrupting sleep. It is most commonly experienced by people aged 60 and above but is also reported to be present in around 75% of the global population. Nocturia is usually caused by medical conditions such as incontinence, urinary tract infection, diabetes, enlarged prostate, and pregnancy. Because it disrupts night sleep, nocturia is considered among the causes of fatigue and weakness during the day. It is for this reason that immediate treatments should be put in place. If you are suffering from nocturia, here are some of your treatment options.
- Undergo drug therapy. There are specific medications designed to address the symptoms of nocturia. To relax the bladder muscles, for instance, oxybutynin and solifenacin are prescribed. To control the production of urine, you might be asked to take furosemide. If furosemide doesn’t work, the doctor will prescribe you with bumetanide. Darifenacin might also be part of your medication to address overactive bladder. One of the most common drugs for nocturia is desmopressin. This mimics a particular hormone to reduce the production of urine. All these drugs are usually taken in combination with behavioral therapy.
- Perform behavioral therapy. Many experts agree that behavioral therapy works better than drug therapy. This is because behavioral therapy directly addresses the production of urine. If you undergo a behavioral therapy, you will have to reduce your intake of water and other liquids prior to bedtime. These include alcohol, tea, and coffee. You will also need to sleep with your legs elevated, take afternoon naps, and wear compression stockings. Performing only one of these practices can already give you satisfactory results, but should you want to gain maximum benefits from behavioral therapy, you can do all these options.
- Try herbal medicines. Many people find herbal medicines helpful in treating nocturia. Some of these herbs are saw palmetto, stinging nettle, and pygeum. Saw palmetto has anti-inflammatory effects on the bladder, thereby promoting good urinary flow. Stinging nettle, meanwhile, is good for menopausal women experiencing nocturia. When properly cooked, it can trim down the frequency of urination. Pygeum is beneficial to men because it can shrink the size of an enlarged prostate, but it also work as effective on women.
- Do pelvic exercises. Exercises can strengthen your pelvic and therefore enable you to hold your urine. Do the exercise as if you are holding your urine. Then release after three seconds. Repeat the exercise for five minutes. For best results, do this thrice daily.
- Consider alternative medicine. Alternative medicine, such as acupuncture, provides holistic approach to treating nocturia. In other words, it tracks the all the factors of your condition and goes beyond your physical condition. If you want to benefit from alternative medicine, please consult your physician first.
Remember not to self-medicate. If you know you are suffering from nocturia, immediately have an appointment with your doctor. He will then refer you to other specialists who can work in tandem with him in addressing your condition. These specialists include urologist, neurologist, endocrinologist, and gynecologist.