Our bodies are made up of cells reaching up into the trillions. We are able to function because the normal, healthy cells in our body are working well. But when cancer sets in, there are certain cells in our body that become abnormal, and are not behaving or not functioning, as they should. The cells which are malfunctioning are cancerous cells. Abnormal and uncontrollable cells and those cells which have become invasive (spreading to other parts of the body), are characteristics of cancer. There are more than 100 different kinds of cancers. Certain cancers that develop in different areas of the body have differing symptoms and patterns. One aspect that a person with cancer will most likely spend time thinking on is cancer research. People with cancer and their families want to find out all about cancer, the various treatment options and what the other areas of development and improvement for cancer treatment and prevention are available. Cancer research is a study, which includes the body's biology, the effect of cancer on the body, and the results of cancer treatment. This body of research should be able to provide effective treatment options for cancer and teach information on the prevention of the different kinds of cancers. To avoid being confused, here are a few facts on how to understand cancer research. 1. Cancer research aims to find out the causes of cancer. Finding out what causes cancer will be crucial in the race to find out the essential tools for preventing cancer from occurring in the body. Identifying the causes of cancer may help in discovering better ways of diagnosing cancer at the earliest onset of the illness. 2. Cancer research seeks to discover how cancers form. Discovering how cancers form at the basic biological level, finding out the external and internal factors that may have caused the cancers to form will be crucial in preventing cancers from forming. 3. Cancer research helps find out the effective ways of treating cancer. Through clinical and laboratory studies, real life cases and further research, ways of treating cancers are being discovered and tested. Finding out which treatment is best for each type of cancer will help put an end to the scourge of cancer. 4. Cancer research aims to discover how cancer can be prevented. Finding out the epidemiology of cancers or the factors causing cancer to occur and defining what steps to undertake to prevent cancer is the ultimate mission of cancer research. Cancer is one of the leading causes of death all over the world. The efforts to find a way to prevent cancer from ever occurring will benefit millions of people all over the globe.
5. Cancer research covers many areas. Basic research covers those tests and studies done within the area of a laboratory. Studying how cells work and how cancer cells develop are the focus of the scientists involved in basic research. Translational research is also done in the laboratory but it is focused on studying new treatments and tests, which can be used on people. Clinical research focuses on using data from translational research to develop new cancer treatments. Behavioral and population research is used to make new strategies for preventing cancer and promoting good health.