Ovarian cysts are quite common in women, so there is no need to panic immediately if you find out that you already have one. It could be a functional ovarian cyst, one that appears and does not normally require treatment. Not all ovarian cysts are cancerous, but there are some that can cause you discomfort and may require minor treatment. Some types of functional cysts are the follicular, corpus luteum, hemorrhagic or dermoid.
A pathological ovarian cyst is not as common and can only be identified by a doctor. These cysts include both endometriosis and tumors, and even then, the cyst can be classified as either benign or malignant. If you have been identified as having a pathological ovarian cyst, your doctor should deal with the tumor immediately. Tumors are usually at a minimum of six centimeters in size, and are persistent tumors. In cases such as these, the safest possible route is to have a doctor check as to what type of ovarian cyst you have, and these will be dealt with accordingly. While functional cysts are easier dealt with, you still need to have yourself checked in case there is a need to operate on them.
There are certain changes in your body that you should look out for that could indicate the presence of an ovarian cyst. If there are marked abnormalities during your menstruation, such as having painful periods, an irregularity in schedule or the complete absence of a period, you may want to have yourself checked by a doctor. If you have steady, consistent pain in your pelvic area, and if the pain radiates to your thighs and lower back, or if you experience pain after or during intercourse, you may also have an ovarian cyst. Another symptom is pain in the lower abdominal area or a feeling of heaviness in your pelvic or stomach area. If you have a hard time urinating, an ovarian cyst that is causing blockage resulting in pain while urinating or the inability to urinate may also cause this.
You can also check for pain in the breasts, and if you are experiencing nausea akin to pregnancy, or even acne and abnormal growth of hair in parts of your body. These may be signs that your body is telling you that you have an ovarian cyst. A spike in weight gain over a very short amount of time may also be indicative of the presence of an ovarian cyst. If you experience sudden fever, vomiting or sharp abdominal pain, shortness of breath or general heavy fatigue, you must be admitted into a hospital for emergency care.
Make sure that you schedule regular check-ups with your doctor in order to search for the presence and identification of ovarian cysts. More often than not, the cysts that women have are functional and can be treated with simple medical procedures - some cysts just disappear upon the next menstruation. However, it is still the more prudent course of action to regularly have an appointment with your doctor in order to keep tabs on your personal health.