A clinical guideline for medical practice contains the procedures and criteria used in managing and treating different areas or prevention and diagnosis of ailments. These guidelines are created to improve the quality of health care given to the patients. By setting these guidelines, medical practitioners are able to make decisions in the treatment to use for certain cases.
Here are some simple clinical guidelines for medical practice:
- Breast Cancer. Some of the recommendations in the guidelines of breast cancer include mammographic screening, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) screening, CBE (Clinical Breast Cancer) and BSE (Breast Self-Examination). In screening for breast cancer, the clinician must inform the patient of the possible risks of doing the examinations. The examinations that are done to the patients depend on their age bracket and also their medical history. The medical history of family members may also be checked.
- Pharyngitis or Sore Throat. For the diagnosis of sore throat, the doctor must first do a physical examination. After the physical examination, the next thing to do is diagnostic testing. Diagnostic testing can consist of a rapid test or a throat culture. The common treatment for pharyngitis is an antimicrobial treatment or a symptomatic treatment. These procedures are for health care providers, physician practice and other doctors’ practices.
- Urinary Tract Infection. The diagnosis for urinary tract infection starts with the patient's history. A urinalysis is taken, and the next step is urine culture to know the specific type of bacteria present in the urinary tract. The most common treatment for patients with urinary tract infection is oral antibiotics. A follow-up must be done after taking the antibiotics to know if the patient has been cured.
- Pediatric Bronchiolitis. The diagnosis of bronchiolitis starts with a physical examination followed by laboratory tests and radiologic investigations. The treatment for patients with bronchiolitis can either be pharmacological or non-pharmacological. A follow-up session is required to ensure that the child is healthy.
- Fall Prevention in Adults. Elderly people are assessed for fall risk. Some of the activities that the elderly undergo for fall prevention are balance and exercise interventions and usage of assistive devices and hip protectors to protect parts of the body if they fall. They are also educated on the negative effects of falling and what it can do to damage their bodies.
- Tobacco Use. People who smoke tobacco are educated on the health risks that it may cause. First, they are screened for tobacco use. Physicians will then advise them to quit smoking tobacco for health reasons. They can provide treatment plans for the patient to follow, or they can also advise the patient to go to therapy. This can help in managing the tobacco addiction.
These are only some of the clinical guidelines that are followed for medical practice. It is important that doctors, nurses and other medical personnel know these guidelines to have uniform procedures and treatment, and also to improve the condition of the patients. Clinical guidelines are a sure way for doctors to diagnose and treat the patient the right way.