Attention Deficit Disorder is a genetic malfunction that affects young children's ability to focus on what is at hand. This condition is caused by a chemical imbalance in the nerve impulses of the brain. It can be detected by a child's lack of focus, violent tempers, impulsiveness and the inability to follow a task to finish. There are three types of attention deficit disorder: the generally inattentive, the generally impulsive, and the combined type. Abnormalities in the pregnancy such as delay in childbirth, fetal alcoholism and toxicity are pointed as the main causes of this medical condition. The term is better known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It was first described in Dr. Heinrich Hoffman's story about Fidgety Philip in 1845.
In 1902, Sir George F. Still presented his study to the prestigious Royal College of Physicians in England. We know that kids have short attention spans, but those affected by this condition are particularly inattentive. The Gordon's Diagnostic Test, Connor's CPT exam, TOVA or IVA exams are some of the ways to diagnose this disease. The disease became well-known in the 1990's and onwards and studies show that in a classroom of 25-30 students, one is sure to have ADHD/ADD.
Living with ADD can be tough because it affect the child's learning ability. Lack of concentration could lead to poor comprehension and bad grades. Parents must double their efforts to make their child understand their lessons by making learning as fun and as colorful.
Early diagnosis plays a vital part in the treatment of ADD. If your toddler shows signs, have them checked before it gets too complicated. Because it is a neurological disorder, you need to correct the flow of nerve impulses to the brain. Dopamine and Norepinephrine are the brain chemicals (neurotransmitters) that resolve this issue. There are medications available to ease the child's inattentiveness. Adderall, Concerta, Dexedrine, Focalin, Metadat, Methylin, Ritalin, Straterra were found to be effective. Antihypertensives such as Catapres or Tenex are also prescribed. Tegretol is an anti-convulsant drug that is given to the child to stay still. Doctors prescribe anti-depressants for extreme cases. These include Tofranil, Desporamine and Elavil.
Aside from medications, a loving family atmosphere is integral for kids with ADD. Parents must research extensively on the topic so that they know what is going on. Going into therapy sessions as a family is a way for children and parents to build a stronger bond and work as one. The young one needs to feel loved as he is. Parents must be very patient as their child is different from all others.
It is a misconception that people with ADD can't succeed in life. Why not? They are blessed to be highly energetic and extremely inquisitive human beings. These are qualities that go a long way. Nature will always compensate for what you don't have. Who knows what the future will bring with the right treatment and lots of love from family and friends?