Blood in the urine cannot be considered an illness. This is, however, a problem that needs to be addressed for proper treatment. It may lead to serious problems if it is taken for granted. Although sometimes there is no treatment at all and eventually the blood disappears, it is not advisable to take chances. In order to treat the blood, the important thing to know is what caused the blood in the urine.
First know why there is blood in the urine. The visible blood in urine is called hematuria. Women experience hematuria more than men because of urinary tract infection, which men seldom experience. Even persons with a healthy urinary tract excrete red blood cells.
Know the function of the urinary tract. The urinary tract is composed of the kidneys, the ureters, the bladder and the urethra. The kidneys filter our food and water intake. The waste is carried by the ureters to the bladder until urination, which is facilitated by the urethra.
When there is a stone or tumor that blocks the flow of urine from the bladder through the urethra, the passage becomes narrow. The urine has to flow outside the body forcing the passage to expand. This sometimes causes the red blood cells to be visible. It is called hematuria. Blood in the urine can also be caused by improper medications.
If it is caused by urinary tract infection, antibiotics may be prescribed by a doctor, for 3-14 days. You will get rid of the bacterium that caused the infection.
Kidney stones cause hematuria. Drinking plenty of liquids would allow the stone to pass and prevent other stones to form. This is painful and you have to take pain relievers. If the stones have already grown big and it is not possible to pass through the urethra, the patient undergoes an extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. This treatment uses sound waves to crush the stones. If the stone is difficult to find in the ureter, cystoscopy is used to find the stone and scoop it out to remove it.
Avoid foods and medications that irritate the prostate if the blood in the urine is caused by benign prostate enlargement. Proper medication is necessary.
Urinary tract blockage other than stones is also a reason for blood in urine. This blockage needs surgery to remove the blockage.
If there is bleeding because of injury a surgery or another procedure needs to be done to repair the injury. If diabetes, hypertension, and viral infections cause the hematuria consult your physician immediately.
Refrain from strenuous exercise, especially running, because this could also cause blood in the urine.
Sometimes there is no cause for blood in the urine. The hematuria goes away by itself or it remains as a chronic condition, which does not do any harm. Blood in the urine is not a disease, but a symptom of a serious disease. It cannot be treated without treating the disease.