An allergy is a condition where the body reacts negatively to substances and things that don't cause a reaction in other people. This is how to treat common allergies when they happen:
Test for allergies. In order to know what is causing your allergic reaction, your doctor may use a skin test where small samples of different kinds of allergens (or things that causes allergic reactions) are placed on your skin. You may also undergo blood tests for more accurate analysis.
Avoid substances that you know are causing the allergic reaction. Common allergens are dust, pollen, mold, certain plants, insect bites, animal dander and animal saliva. Cleaning places where they are usually found and not keeping pets may help prevent an episode of allergies. Shut doors and windows and turn on the air condition to minimize contact with allergens present in the air.
You may request allergy shots, which contain tiny quantities of allergens in them. They're given regularly to make your body get accustomed to the allergen and prevent further negative reactions toward them. These shots may continue all throughout your life. Allergy shots are recommended only when you have determined what you're allergic to and when you can't stay away from them.
Common food allergies include milk, peanuts and other types of nuts, shellfish, fish, eggs, soy and wheat. Avoid these foods if you are allergic to them. Read food labels and ask about the ingredients that a meal is composed of before eating.
Tell your doctor or health care provider what medications you are allergic to. Medication may also cause allergic reactions. He may prescribe you another medicine to avoid allergic reactions.
Avoid the following: polluted air, sprays and fumes, cold air, humid air, cigarette and wood smoke, and wind. These may aggravate your allergies and lead to complications. Also avoid wearing tight fitting clothing, especially those that are made from synthetic materials. These may cause skin allergies. Skin allergies are treated by washing the infected area with soap and water, applying cold compresses, and using ointments.
- Antihistamines relieve the symptoms of allergies such as itchy skin, runny nose and constant sneezing. You could take them before coming into contact with allergens to maximize their effectiveness.
- Asthma attacks triggered by allergens are treated with pain relievers, anti-inflammatory medication and bronchodilators. You may be given steroids if regular medication is showing no effect. These may only be given for a short period of time and only as a last resort.
- Decongestant medicines relieve a stuffy nose, which results from allergies. Use them for up to three days in order to avoid developing a dependency. You can find these in many forms such as pills, sprays and drops, and you can buy these without needing a prescription. Just make sure you have talked with your doctor regarding the use of decongestants, because these may have side effects.
- Eye drops help relieve itchiness in your eyes, which may be caused by allergens.
Though allergies are common, there are many ways to treat them. When you experience symptoms of an allergy, practice these methods to avoid further complications, and seek medical assistance as soon as you can.