Apart from water, urine contains metabolic wastes such urea, mineral salts, and hundreds of different compounds. What chemical components urine has can tell a lot about a person's health condition. Through a urine test, commonly known as urinalysis, which can be either chemical analysis or macroscopic analysis, a doctor can tell if you have signs or symptoms of drug abuse, urinary tract infection, kidney disease, bladder stones, diabetes, high blood pressure and a lot of other chronic illnesses.
Urinalysis is a common screening test conducted in medical facilities. It starts by collecting a patient's urine specimen about 10-15 ml in amount and placed in a clean specimen cup. It is then immediately forwarded to the medical laboratory technicians, as the urine assessment should be performed within an hour of collection so as to avoid chemical decomposition.
Urine chemical analysis and macroscopic analysis are the two types of urine tests that vary on the degree of analysis. Macroscopic for instance is done by visual observation on the color, clarity, cloudiness and quantity of the urine sample. Any characteristic that does not conform to the typical attributes may suggest a possibility of infection or abnormality in the body's condition although it does not necessarily follow that you have illness if your urine is cloudy and darker in color. The food, drinks and medication you consume can greatly affect the components of your urine.
Chemical analysis on the other hand is a more extensive type of analysis, which involves chemical testing, chemistry analysis, acid analysis and so on. Medical laboratories typically use equipment called dipstick consisting of little squares of test pads. It is briefly but entirely dipped into the urine specimen and as it absorbs the urine, chemical reaction takes place. Of the two types of urine test chemical analysis is more accurate and reliable. The chemical testing can detect acidity of the urine, glucose level, protein or albumin level, products of fat metabolism such as ketones, bacteria, white blood cells, signs of liver disease, symptoms of red blood cell breakdown, and so on.
Over a hundred different tests can be performed on the urine. Chemistry analysis or urine chemistry is a group of tests ordered by the doctor to be conducted on a midstream urine specimen. Since the result of the tests can be affected by a number of factors, it is essential to be physically prepared prior to submitting your specimen. Your physician may advise you not to partake of food or beverages other than water within a number of hours before the test. Pay attention to what your doctor requires you to do in order to get accurate results.
Chemical analysis of the urine is not only important for diagnosing existing or potential diseases but it can determine whether or not the medication you are taking is effective and helps you take necessary actions to prevent minor conditions from getting worse.