How To Choose Fishing Lures

Different fishing lures have different effects on fish. Here are some guidelines to help you choose the right fishing lure, which best fits the type of fish, the fishing location and conditions and your preferences.

Decide whether you would like to use live or artificial bait. Live lures are more attractive to various fish, however, using live lures may disrupt the ecosystem when they are used frequently. Artificial lures are safer to use, yet they may not be that enticing to fish, especially those that can recognize a real lure from a fake one.

Live lures may be smaller fish such as anchovies and minnows. They could also be flies, worms, squid, shrimp and others. These may vary depending on what the fish you want to catch usually eat and the availability of live lures. The best live lure is that which is freshly caught in the same fishing area.

Artificial lures imitate various animals that the fish feed on. They copy the appearance and movement of prey in order for fish to bite them and get caught by the fishing hook in the process. Artificial lures come in many forms. There are lures that are made to resemble flies. There are also lures made of synthetic materials that are made to look like worms or lizards to catch fish, particularly bass. 

  • Jerk baits imitates small fish. They are sunk and pulled out jerkily to resemble injured fish. These may catch only one fish at a time, so have patience when using this kind of lure.
  • Buzz baits are lures that go around the water by making use of propellers. They also make loud noises that attract fish that may be swimming nearby. You could use these in shallow water during mild weather.
  • Spoon lures are flashy. They resemble the light gleaming off from the scales of a fish.
  • Spinner baits are wires that are bent to resemble the letter L. They have hook and spinner mechanisms on the ends. These could be used in deep waters to catch fish such as trout.
  • Surface lures skim the top of the water and imitate injured prey for fish. You could move these lures in jerky motions to make it seem that there really is an injured animal waiting to be eaten.
  • Crank baits or plugs are lures that are moved swiftly in the water to imitate fast-moving prey. They are effective for larger fish, which prey on fish that make similar movements to crank baits. 

Avoid spoon lures and spinner baits when there are weeds in the fishing area to avoid having your lures getting tangled among the weeds.

For winter and ocean fishing, use jigs, which are weighted hooks with a lead head on the other side of a sharpened tip. There would be lures placed on them to attract fish. Jigs are used with jigging rods, which are small fishing rods that lower the lure down into the ice or deep water.

Fishing involves choosing the right lure to entice fish to bite the hook. Select the proper bait that would be delectable to the fish you like to capture.


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