Soap is a combination of sodium, potassium, fatty acids, scent and coloring. There are relatively few different kinds of soap that you can do at home. Liquid soaps, bar soaps, whipped soap bars, whipped cream soaps, glycerin or transparent soaps, cream soaps and melted and poured soaps, are some examples of these homemade soaps.
Soap making is a chemical process that requires a number of equipment, careful following of instructions and a variety of ingredients. Below are guidelines on how to get ready to make soap.
- Know that soap is made from the combination of oils such as olive, palm kernel, coconut, Shea butter, or castor oil. Active ingredients are also needed when finishing soaps. Try to find the best recipe that captures your interest. Buttermilk powder, essential oil fragrance, oatmeal, flowers and fruit extracts are the most popular types of these active ingredients. Most importantly, lye and distilled water are a prime necessity.
- Decide whether you want your soap to be made out of animal fats or canola and olive oil. Choose the additives you want to put in, like coconut oil, buttermilk, and oatmeal that add soap suds and create a soothing effect on your skin. You may also want to add moisturizing cream and a fragrance of your choice. All of these recipes are available in grocery stores, food stores and on the Internet. It is best to first check out the availability of the ingredients that you want to use. Read specific instructions and reviews on soap-making to give you enough knowledge about the process.
- Once you are done selecting ingredients, prepare the equipment. You will need an electronic scale, two kitchen thermometers that reads up to 220 degrees, a pitcher, a stick blender to speed up the process, an old stainless steel pan, towels for wrapping and insulating the mold during the curing process, a bowl, two glass measuring cups, a grater, a whisk, measuring spoons, an eye dropper, goggles, mortar and pestle, old newspaper, a plastic wrap, rubber bands, vinegar, petroleum jelly to apply on the inside of the mold, funnel for easy pouring of the solution, a stainless ladle, a glass dish, and a plastic container, a pair of rubber gloves, a scale that’s accurate to 1/10 of an ounce, and paper towels for hygienic purposes.
- Assemble all the ingredients and equipment on a long table. For most of the soap solution, you need to gather the list of recipes included in this fourth step. Arrange on your project table the fats and oil such as canola oil, castor oil, coconut oil, olive oil, coconut butter, and beeswax. These are the ingredients you are going to be mixing in the pot. Now after all the oils have been mixed, you will be adding active ingredients such as kernel oil, ground oatmeal, and Shea butter. These are the ingredients you will need afterwards.
Now that you’re all prepared and ready to make soap, there are some precautionary measures you need to take to avoid jeopardizing you and your family’s health. The container that you have used for water-lye solution should only be used for soap making. Lye is a very dangerous substance and it should be handled with a very great deal of care. Goggles, rubber gloves, newspapers are needed for this reason. If you accidentally get lye on your skin, apply vinegar on the affected part right away and rinse it off with soap and cold water. Keep children and pets away from your working area and make sure you have washed all the used pans and equipment afterwards.