When you start taking care of earthworms, bear in mind that you are actually looking after some "living" creatures. Yes, as soil dwellers, they may easily survive in less-than-ideal conditions but you should not ignore the fact that you are expected to provide their basic needs all the times. Your worm farming system should be able to meet some requisites. Here are some pointers on how you can raise earthworms successfully:
- Maintain the ideal moisture. Your wiggly friends use their skin to breathe. Literally, they can't afford to be away from moist. If that happens, they shrivel up quickly and die on-the-spot. So, see to it that your worm beds or bins are always wet.
Note, however, keeping the moist in your worm farming system can be a bit tricky. If the available moisture is too much, your oxygen supply may be affected. Moisture interferes with oxygen since water has limited capacity to hold oxygen. Because of that, you have to learn some of the do-it-yourself measures in order to retain the ideal moisture content of your worm farming system. One of them is the "wrung out sponge" technique. Read some on-line or published references on that to get the specific details.
- Check the appropriate temperature. If you are raising Eisenia fetidas, popularly known as red worms, you may want to place them in sub-zero temperatures for longer periods. They are certainly going to thrive there. In fact, they love being covered in frozen materials. If you don't want to bother yourself with the temperature checking requirement, raise your red worms during winter and place them outdoors.
On the other hand, the temperature range needed to breed red worms is specific. You should be keeping them between 15C (59F) and 20C (68F). If you wish to maximize their growth, 25C (77F) is ideal. Of course, if you have a different worm specie, like the Eudrilus eugeniae (the African Nightcrawler) or the Perionyx excavates (the Blue Worm), leaving the in a temperature lower than 10C (50F) can readily kill them.
- Give the right food. It is always practical to set up the worm bed or bin and the "food source" way before you place your worms into your worm farming system. When you decide to transfer your worms into your system, you have already guaranteed an excellent microbial growth in there. You also eliminate the trouble of finding worms getting out of your system. They readily love slurping up your "food source". By the way, animal manures are one of the best materials to raise your worms into.
- Keep the light away. Worms like it to be in the dark. They can be killed when directly exposed to sunlight. So, use opaque containers. You can also put some bedding materials to bar the light from passing through your setup or you can simply position your worm farming system in an area where the light is low.
That's it. You are certainly going to be proud of your accomplishment when you see your worm farm system in perfect condition. All you have to do is to follow the important considerations mentioned in this article. If you have mastered the secrets of the trade, then, you can reward yourself by expanding the system that you have now.