Vermiculture is a process of composting kitchen food waste and converting it into organic fertilizer for the garden or house plants. It is easy and inexpensive to build a vermiculture at home. Kitchen scraps can be turned into nutrient rich soil when you build a vermiculture at home.
Building a vermiculture involves the use of worms. To build a vermiculture, red tiger worms, earth worms, red wigglers would be the ideal choice. When you build a vermiculture using these worms, they rapidly consume the crumbled waste and create nutritive soil.
The process of building a vermiculture is simple enough. An airy and vented worm bin can be bought in any store that sells garden supplies. A pound of worms could be borrowed from friends, nurseries or gardening companies.
Take some shredded newspaper, fluff and fill it in the vermiculture bin. Some straws or garden trimmings along with some soil make the perfect bed for the worms. After adding the shredded newspaper, it is essential to make it moist by sprinkling some water. Moisture is essential when you build a vermiculture, it enhances the process of composting.
When you build a vermiculture, feed worms with food leftovers like vegetable skins, fruit, used tea bags or coffee dregs and shells of eggs. It is not recommended to use meats, greasy foods or dairy products. These encourage rats and insects.
The vermiculture bin might become smelly if the food scraps are not properly buried. The worms move beneath the bedding and hence the food buried below the bedding would prevent bad odor. The worm compost is generally created over a period of two months. The bedding is almost eaten by the worms. The contents look brownish in color and filled with worm excretions.
It is important to keep your pets away from the place where you build a vermiculture. The worms also need to be kept away from the finished product to prevent them from dying. After clearing the old compost, always use new bedding, food scraps and newer garden trimmings.
Ensure that the vents in the vermiculture bin are not blocked. You can drill more holes if necessary. While building a vermiculture, ensure that the worm bedding does not become acidic. Adding too many fruit peels can kill the worms.
Flies and insects may hover around the worm compost bin due to the stench. In order to prevent the fleas and stench, it is advisable to cover the vermiculture bin with a plastic sheet or vented lid. Placing a few friendly spiders nearby, can keep away insects.
The vermiculture compost serves as a good soil nutrient for plants at home. Building a vermiculture is a great way to improve the soil and naturally fertilize the garden or house plants.