Tree rose standards are used to surround the homes and gardens of nobles to add an air of elegance. Tree rose standards are different from rose shrubs or rose plants because they are cultivated to form and resemble a tree. These rose trees are grafted so that the cane reaches about 32 to 36 inches in length. To make it into a tree, two grafts are created. The central cane is the one at the top that supports the hybrid rose tree. The rootstock is the one at the bottom. Miniature rose standards can be created by grafting onto shorter canes that reach about 24 inches.
Growing and installing tree rose standards can be trouble if you do not know what you are doing. The following are a few simple steps on how to properly care for a tree rose standard:
- Tree rose standards need to be diligently pruned to attain the right look. Keep in mind that only the flowering top part should be pruned and not the central cane. Roses that have not been properly pruned are prone to a lot of diseases, which results in the irregular allocation of weight that can cause the stems to break.
- Proper staking of the tree rose standard is important. The rose tree is susceptible to wind damage, especially the form of a tree rose standard that is heavy at the top. If the rose tree is in a lollipop form, the wind can snap off the upper part of the cane. To properly stake a tree rose standard, gently pound a stake next to the rose by using a hammer. To give it additional support, tie the tree to the stake using garden twine.
- Make sure that your rose tree gets enough sun. However, you need to pay close attention to the tree rose standard during the summer as it is especially vulnerable to sun scald.
- Deadhead your rose tree to make sure that it produces more flowers and that the blooms will last for a very long time. To properly deadhead your tree rose standard, snip off the spent blossoms using sharp pruners. Throw away the spent blossoms or compost them to prevent the growth of mold, fungus, and other pests.
- Water your rose tree regularly and thoroughly to keep it from drying out.
- Regularly check your tree for black spots or pests. Use organic rose sprays to fend off insects and other fungal problems.
- Prune your roses to maintain their rounded shape. This can be done by snipping off the branches that are sticking out. Remember not to prune the central cane. This will make it susceptible to diseases and pests.
Tree rose standards do require constant care and attention but once they are in full bloom, you will find that they are definitely worth all the effort that you put into them. These tree roses can make a spectacular addition to your garden and can add structure and character to it.