A mosaic is basically a picture or a design created from little pieces of material placed together to form a whole. What really makes it into a unique art form is the choice of materials, the design, and the creativity of the individual reflecting his own distinct personality and expression. The great thing about mosaic is that the materials used are both firm and long lasting. It can also be incorporated for architectural designs whether inside a structure or outdoors. The basic materials used for a mosaic are glass, mirrors, or gold, which may be shimmering or reflective. They are closely related to other forms of art such as paintings, collages, and patchwork quilting, among others. Although cutting glass for a mosaic project may be an exasperating task, with the right tools and know-how, you can achieve the perfect cut. Here are a few ways of doing it:
- The first thing to remember when cutting glass is keeping yourself safe. Safety glasses are a must to ensure that your eyes are kept safe from glass splinters that could accidentally enter them during the process of cutting glass.
- Wheeled cutters are most frequently used when cutting mosaic glass. To achieve a straight line while cutting across a glass tile, you must cut as fast and as efficiently as you can. Squeezing your cutters on the tile for a long period of time while doing your cut can only ruin your tile. The limit for your tile’s fracture point cannot really be determined so the process must be accomplished as quickly as possible. Situate the wheels of your cutter at the area where you would like to do the cut and quickly snap the glass tile apart making sure to keep your cutters steady. While most mosaic artists prefer jagged cuts to clean ones, you can still achieve a perfect cut by carefully nipping the toothed edges. Grozier pliers may be used for this purpose.
- To direct a cut, basic nippers are what you must use. Set your glass tile between the nipper’s teeth but not on the full surface. The tile must be held either in front or at the back of the teeth of the nipper. Position your nipper towards the direction you wish to cut your tile and press.
- When working on stained glass, a tool most frequently used is a glass scorer. It produces nicely designed cuts and is used by a lot of mosaic artists when cutting stained glass pieces or sheets. It has a small wheel that you simply roll across your glass before snapping apart. You will also need running pliers to pop the glass apart. Make sure that the wheel of the glass scorer is oiled well to achieve maximum performance.
- A much older method which is still used by mosaic artists is what is called the Hammer and Hardie technique. The basic tools for this are a mallet and a chisel. The chisel is situated on the area where you would wish to make your cut before hitting it with the hammer. You can also use the hammer for breaking down larger pieces of ceramic to create smaller pieces that you can work with. Always place a towel underneath when working with these tools to keep from ruining the glaze of your ceramics.
Creating mosaic art is a great venue for expressing your creativity and a
hobby that is worth indulging on. Glass may seem to be hard to handle
at first, but with frequent practice, you will learn how to work with it
easily. The finished product is a unique and personal art form that you
can surely be proud of.