How To Design a Drainage System

Gutter repair

Good drainage systems around your house and in your yard will help minimize damages brought about by stagnant or running water when rains, no matter how heavy, come pouring down. Without a proper system of drainage, even a little rain can leave a great pool of water in your garden destroying your landscape, patio and the foundation of your home.

Finding drainage solutions doesn’t have to be difficult. As long as you understand the concept of creating the design for a drain system, waterproofing your home, garden and view deck or patio can be an easy task. In fact, the construction of a sewer system on your property is one of the essential things that you must consider in building your home and garden.

Basically, a drainage system allows excess water in your vicinity to drain away to prevent any water damage to your property. The first thing you might want to think of is to determine where the unwanted water will go and how. In most cases, rainwater falls from the roof of a home directly to the ground and from there, the rainwater will go to the lowest ground possible. In this case, we have to make sure that the ground slopes away from our house to prevent water damage to the building foundation. Normally, rainwater will have to drain out from your property into the gutters of the street and just follow through.

The next thing to determine is where most of the water can come from. Obviously, rainwater tends to flow in greater amounts on the eaves of your roofs. You would have to determine how you could guide these unwanted waters into the street gutters without causing much damage to your property.

Plan on how you can converge rainwater into one location and make it follow through a systematic route. This can be done by installing gutters on your roof to guide the rainwater into two or more down spouts. In this case, plan how you will be slanting your gutters and which parts of your house will your spouts be located. Once the rainwater reaches the ground, you may want to design a network of drainage system in your yard to guide the rainwater out into the street gutters. You can either choose to create your gutters around your yard, or install French drains hidden beneath the ground. French drains are the most common of all systems in preventing water from damaging and penetrating the foundations of your house.

Check the grounds especially near your house. Are they sloping away from your house? Make sure that this is the case, because this will prevent rainwater, especially during heavy downpours, from accumulating around your house and penetrating and destroying your building foundations.

Every time it rains, make it a habit to roam around your vicinity to see whether there are problem areas in where:

  • Water from downspouts accumulates and creates a pool,
  • Surface soil becomes soggy or swampy due to accumulated water, and/or
  • Rainwater has created a flowing river, from and to where.

Knowing these areas and taking note of how long they will disappear when the rain stops will give you an idea regarding the best way to effectively design your drainage system. Remember, effective and efficient drainage systems are those that enable running water, especially rainwater, to flow out of your property in the shortest time possible, preventing damages to your garden, yard and buildings.  Other good design tips can be learned by taking online design classes.


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