Bromeliads are a wide variety of exotic plants that you could use as attractive displays in your home and garden. Here is how to grow bromeliads:
- Know about bromeliads. Read articles about bromeliads on the Internet, in books and in magazines about growing ornamental plants or ask those who are experts in planting these.
- Go to plant stores and look for bromeliads. There are two types of bromeliads: terrestrial and epiphytic. Terrestrial bromeliads grow on the ground while epiphytic ones grow on tree branches. There are many interesting kinds of bromeliads under each type so have fun looking for the ones which catch your fancy. Ask the store owner how to plant and take care of the specific bromeliad you choose.
- Bromeliads grow best in warm, sunny environments. Most bromeliads prefer filtered sunlight while a few require direct sunlight. Bromeliads grow in very humid weather. Keep the bromeliads away from air pollution and vents.
- Give the bromeliads a clean place to grow in. Remove dead plants and leaves from their surroundings. Check the soil for pests such as snails, worms and caterpillars to prevent these from destroying your bromeliads.
- Terrestrial bromeliads thrive in soil which is rich in humus and organics. Be sure that the soil you are using is fertile or add mild fertilizer to make them grow properly. If you are growing terrestrial bromeliads in a pot, make sure that the soil allows air to circulate and drain water quickly in order to prevent the roots from rotting. Don't plant terrestrial bromeliads too deeply into the soil to allow them to breathe.
- Epiphytic bromeliads grow in small amounts of organic matter that accumulates in tree branches, with roots that support the plant and leaves that collect moisture. Support epiphytic bromeliads by putting wires around the tree branches for them to lean on.
- Give bromeliads adequate water but not too much to drown them. They can handle not having water for days so don't use too much water in watering them. Water the epiphytic bromeliads by regularly misting their leaves with water, but never put other substances on them because they will interfere with water absorption. If the water collects on the leaves for too long, remove this because this may cause infestation. Also, check if there is salt build up in the water and remove the salt buildup. You will be able to tell if your bromeliads are drinking too much salt if the tips of their leaves look brownish.
- You could also cover the bromeliad plants in transparent plastic bags and place an apple inside with them. Put a small hole into the plastic to allow for some air. When the apple rots, it will produce ethylene gas, which will help the bromeliads to grow.
- If the bromeliads become dusty, you could clean them by wiping with a soft cloth or a duster.
Growing bromeliads require patience and discipline yet the rewards of having highly unique and aesthetically pleasing plants far outweigh the challenges of growing them. Have fun in growing your very own bromeliad plants.