How To Install a CCTV System in Your Home

Outdoor camera

A Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) system uses CCTV equipment, CCTV monitors, and cameras that provide security in homes and businesses. Commercial and quality video security systems are available in the market based on your needs.

Hidden, bullet and nanny cameras are popularly used in homes to identify callers at the front door or monitor an infant’s room. With remote monitoring, you can even see what is happening at home when you are away, and can alert the police, in case of a break in.

CCTV video cameras are very simple and easy to operate. Wireless systems are the easiest to use since no installation is needed except for the software. Wired systems on the other hand require holes drilled and cables routed that it may be easier to hire CCTV installers.

To install a CCTV System in your home: 

1. Choose the model of the security system you want to install.

2. Buy the cable type based on your system. The RG59 Siamese Cable is the standard cable used with most CCTV installs.

3. Find a location where your camera will be positioned.

  • Choose the area where you can use your camera’s features in focal length and capabilities to pan, zoom, or tilt.
  • CCTV video cameras are usually installed where the walls of the house meet the roof, since the video and power cable can easily run in the small gap between the wall and the roof.
  • The roof shelters the cameras from the sun, rain, wind and snow. The position near the roof also provides an aerial view of the premises and discourages vandalism.

4. Find an entrance point from the outside to the inside of the house.

  • The attic is a good place to run the cable lines going into the house.

5. Designate a room to station your Monitor and DVR.

  • Direct all the cable lines from the attic to the room.
  • If the cables have BNC connections, simply connect the cable line to the DVR.
  • If you bought a bulk roll of cables without connections, measure the length needed, crimp BNC connectors on each end, and connect the cables to the DVR.

6. For the power source, you can run the power line for each piece of CCTV equipment separately into an outlet using an AC adapter and pig tails, or you can use a power supply box to plug in all the power lines.

7. For wired systems:

  • Place the mounting brackets on the ceiling or wall, mark and drill pilot holes.
  • Attach the mounting brackets with screws.
  • Secure the CCTV video cameras on the mounting brackets.
  • Make a hole on the wall, and run the camera feed wire in going to the monitor.
  • Secure the wires to the ceiling, walls and floor, using staples or wall clips.
  • Connect the camera feed wire to the monitor.

8. Set up your DVR and connect it to your CCTV monitor.

9. Check the connection of your power and video lines.

10. Turn on the monitor, DVR and camera and make adjustments as needed.

11. To install a wireless system:

  • Secure and position your camera.
  • Plug in the right connections and turn the system on.
  • If needed, install the required software on the PC or monitor.
  • Properly configure your system to get the right signal.

The installation of video security systems in your home can take only a few minutes. Try installing the system yourself before you hire CCTV installers to do the work.


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