Making a compost pit is probably one of the best ways that you can tidy up your surroundings in a very natural and earth-friendly way. Composting is actually fairly simple. Many homeowners, farmers, and large-scale industries practice it.
One of the benefits of composting is the production of soil that is extremely nutrient-rich. Since the compost is comprised of animal and plant matter that have aerobically decomposed, it is a very useful product for use with land and soil. As a matter of fact, compost can be used to condition and fertilize land. It can be used to provide additional humic acids to the soil and as an organic pesticide.
Using a compost pit is the most common method for composting. Constructing one hardly requires anything but shovels, pitchforks, sticks, some plastic, and some bricks. In this article, learn how to make a compost pit right on your own yard.
- Survey your yard. Look for an area that receives equal amounts of sun and shade during the day. Mark this area. The suggested size is about 3 square feet.
- Dig a pit that is about half a foot deep. Do not discard the soil that you dug out. Keep it nearby; as you will be adding it back later into the compost pit. Remove large stones, rocks, roots, and other debris from the pit and the dugout soil.
- Throw in fresh organic materials such as garden clippings, household scraps, coffee grounds, and so on into the freshly dug pit. Add brown organic material such as chopped twigs and dried leaves into the mix. Also add a small quantity of brown cardboard that has been shredded. Do not include animal meat, pet droppings, bones, grease, or non-biodegradable material (e.g., plastic) in the compost pit.
- Let it rot. Yes, that's the whole idea. Let it rot in the pit.
- Every couple of weeks, turn the material using a pitchfork. When you turn the material, heap it toward the pit's center while adding a shovelful of soil into the pit. Use the soil that you dug out when making the pit.
- Use a long, sturdy stick to poke some holes into the freshly turned stack. The holes will serve as air vents that will allow air to circulate even in the deeper layers. This will facilitate in speedier decomposition.
- Keep the stack damp. During the summer months, the stack will tend to dry up. Just spray some water on the pit using your garden hose. However, avoid getting the pit too wet. During the rainy months, you will need to keep the pit contents from being flooded with water and becoming soggy. To protect it from too much rain, cover the compost pit with plastic. Use heavy objects such as bricks or large rocks to hold down the plastic.
You will know that your compost is ready for use once it has completely decomposed and already has a crumbly texture. The next possible thing to do would be to mix the nutrient-filled compost with your garden soil or to place some amount around plants that are already in your garden.