How To Make an Irrigation System for a Vegetable Garden

A sizable vegetable garden can be difficult to water at the required periods and amount. However, you can create an irrigation system with readily available and affordable material that can ease this operation.

Here are the steps to making an irrigation system for a vegetable garden.

  • Things you’ll need:
    • Soaker Hose
    • Y-valve
    • Pressure regulator
    • U pins
    • String
  • Plan out the irrigation system. Start from the most convenient faucet then measure the path that the irrigation hose will take. If need be, arrange the plants so that they will be included in the hose’s soak zone. Avoid angles smaller than 45 degrees, or there's a chance that blockage will occur. Locate all the areas where the hose will be fastened, making sure the pins will penetrate the surface. You may also use a diagram of your garden to trace the path of the hose and get a rough estimate of the length you require.
  • Install the Y-valve. You can attach a regular hose to one of the ends for regular watering while installing the irrigation hose on the other. 
  • Install the pressure regulator. This prevents any faucet’s high water pressure from resulting in a surge of water that can damage the plants. You may also need to install a back flow preventer.
  • Lay out the hose. You may run a main line from the faucet to the central portions of the different areas of your garden and then attach smaller lines that will run along the roots of the plants. Arrange these smaller lines into rows that run parallel to the plots. Test the system prior to fastening anything down and make adjustments where necessary. You may also suspend the irrigation line if the water pressure permits the hoses to work above the faucet height. A suspended line can water both hanging plants and ground-based plants, as well. Use your plants to cover the hoses to retain the garden’s original aesthetic.
  • Consider a drip irrigation kit. These ready-to-assemble modules have all the basic components and instructions. However, if you want a truly customized setup or your garden has special conditions, then you may want to create your own irrigation system.
  • Consider attaching a timer. An even more convenient way to water your plants is installing a timer to the system. After setting the time, this device will automatically shut off the line after a determined period has elapsed.
  • Avoid letting water remain in your hose during freezing conditions. Left-over water can freeze overnight and ruin your hose and other irrigation components. Open the valve and let all the water drip out after irrigation. Perform maintenance of this irrigation system at regular intervals, cleaning out blocked holes, repairing wears and damages and replacing key components if they are broken down.

This irrigation system is hardy enough to withstand weathering for many years, but it is susceptible to damage. Make sure to repair any tears or breaks along the hose that's caused by gardening tools and garden material.


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