Flowers can be arranged in different styles depending on where the arrangements will be displayed, on the container that will hold the flowers and on the occasion. There are so many varieties of flowers that can be used in different types of flower arrangements, with roses, carnations, chrysanthemum, tulips and Gerbera daisies being the most popular around the world. But before you can make different flower arrangements you have to learn the basics first. Below are tips on how to make flower arrangements.
- Flower arrangements fall into several styles. There are horizontal arrangements that are usually done for center table arrangements. There are vertical flower arrangements that are tall and slim. More typical arrangements are done in triangular shapes, oval and round and can be done in large and small flower arrangements. You will also see crescent, lazy S and minimalist arrangements.
- There are three categories of flowers that are used in flower arrangements. First are the line flowers that can be formed by flowers or by foliage. Line flowers are usually tall flowers that give height, balance and width to the arrangement. Mix the arrangement with mass flowers. These are large single blooms that are generally round. These are also called face flowers that give mass and focal point of color to any flower arrangement. Give the arrangement a softer and fuller look with filler flowers. These are generally stems with many little flowers.
- If you are using a vase or a container with a very wide mouth and you find it difficult to keep the flowers standing or in place, cover the top of the vase or container with some chicken wire. If that is not available you can use clear sticky tape to make a grid pattern over the top of the vase. Insert the flowers and foliage in the spaces between the grid and your flowers will stand and stay in place.
- Center flowers for most arrangements should be cut at least twice the height of the vase or container you are using. The rest of the flowers should be cut at the same length. Flower stems should be cut at an acute angle with a sharp knife. Avoid using a pair of scissors as this will bruise the stem and prevent the flower from taking up water. Always cut the stems before you stick them into wet floral foam. Previously cut stems will be dried up and will not be able to take up water, which will shorten the life of the flowers in your arrangement.
- If you are arranging flowers in a vase make sure that you use a very clean vase and fresh water. Remove all the leaves that will be submerged in water. Insert the foliage and filler flowers first, crisscrossing the stems to help anchor and support the other flowers. Arrange the flowers from the rim of the vase and work your way towards the center, placing the tallest flowers in the middle.
- Start by placing foliage from the middle of the foam and working outwards and around the foam when making table centerpieces. Position the tallest flowers in the center and the rest of the flowers in a fan shape, making sure that it is balanced on all sides. Insert the lower layers of flowers at an angle and fill the gaps with filler flowers.
These are the basic steps in making flower arrangements. Learn how to mix colors and choose flowers that are complementary. Knowing the meaning of different flowers will help you when making flowers for special occasions.