Organic fertilizer is favorable for plants. Compost is the most common organic fertilizer that can be available. Compost may be processed in the backyard and without much effort on your part. With the help of some insects and microorganisms and earthworms the organic materials break down after about six to 24 months of waiting.
Here's how to make organic fertilizer:
- Location - Gather agricultural waste near a water source but well drained. The composting location could be an open area or shaded.
- Composting materials - Collect and weigh enough chicken manure, coir dust, and swine manure. Any non-biodegradable stuff like stones, metals and plastics must be discarded.
- Arrangement - Distribute one-third of the coir dust as a base layer. Spread water on the pile and inoculate. Put the chicken manure on the pile, spread water and also inoculate. Spread again the second one-third of the coir dust, water and spread the swine manure and inoculate. Repeat until the last one-third of the coir dust is used. Do not inoculate because this top layer of coir dust will prevent the odor that may come out from the pile. Get a laminated plastic sack to cover the heap. This is important to prevent rainwater from getting into the pile; it will also conserve the moisture. Incubate for a week.
- Turning and mixing - After one week, mix and turn the materials. Spread water, if needed and return the cover. Do the same procedure after a week.
- Further processing - When the compost is ripe, its color is dark brown going black. If it is moist and has no unpleasant smell, it means that the organic fertilizer is ready for harvesting and further processing. A mechanical or manual sifter can help screen the fertilizer before inoculation. After three days storing beneath a shade, the bioorganic fertilizer or BOF may be transferred to lined sacks, 50 kg-sack and sealed. The fertilizer should be stored in a dry but aerated area for six months or less.
Liquid fertilizer, nitrogen fertilizer, natural fertilizer, plant fertilizer, and soil fertilizer can be made at our own backyards with the help of natural materials that recruit bacteria or microorganisms to improve our plants naturally. Organic gardeners learn the procedures and know that the available ordinary organic fertilizers contain composted manure of chicken, rock minerals, seaweed, humus matter, and other natural materials.
Organic fertilizers can be processed through the traditional way as well as the commercial way. In the traditional way, the decomposition of the materials is left with the microorganisms that work on them. Chicken manure, swine manure and other raw materials are left with an inoculant on top of a heap of rice straw, bagasse, coir dust, or weeds for three to four months. The commercial way hastens the decaying process. Greenmix, a commercial inoculant and Mabijon composter are supplemented with nitrogen fixing bacteria and other beneficial microbes. With the commercial way, decomposition only takes three to four weeks before the organic fertilizer can be harvested.