All organic materials in your house and around your yard are potential organic vegetable plant food for your garden. If you live in a suburban neighborhood, your most likely sources of organic plant food are the grasses or trees. These things are considered wastes and are thrown out immediately, not knowing that these materials are a great source for plant-growing supplements. Other sources are your excess food, organic clothing, and old papers or cartons. You can make these wastes into useful plant food by employing these methods.
- Composting. It is a well-known practice by small and big farmers alike to use compost for supplementing a farmlands soil. If you have space to place a heap of compost, it would be better than making compost in a barrel, as it requires more attention. First, make one square meter layer of twigs and sticks and then cover it with one foot thick of leaves, papers, left over or grass clippings. Cover that layer with one-inch garden soil before hosing it with water. Repeat the process by adding one layer every 2 to 3 days until you reach 3 or 4 layers. Do not add more layers or you will risk toppling that pile. Keep it moist and let the sun dry it. After a month, use a rake or fork to mix it. Your compost is done when it is brown and easily breaks in your hand.
- Compost tea making. Making your soil nutritious to your plant is not enough. You have to water your plant with something as nutritious as your soil. Compost tea is very easy to make. Just fill a burlap bag with your fresh compost. Place that bag in a barrel then fill it with water. Shake the bag or squeeze it to allow water to penetrate into the compost. Let it stay there for 2 days. When the water has turned brown, the tea is ready to use. You can reuse the bag a couple of times but if the water does not change color anymore, it is time for you to make a new one.
- Earthworm casting. Earthworms can make any decomposing organic material into an organic plant food. Although it may seem atypical to grow worms in your backyard, it is a good way of reusing all your food scraps. You can start by making a one square meter wooden tray that is a foot deep. Cover the insides of the tray with thick plastic. Also, provide a screen cover to aerate the tray. Now, fill the tray with soil and loosen it a little bit. You can start pouring your earthworms in, which you can either buy from stores or gather them yourself from your backyard. Store it in a cool, dark, and moist area. Moisten the soil always and distribute your waste products on the surface for better results. It would even be better to mash or strip your waste products. Once the tray is almost full, do not add more waste in it. Let the worms finish the job for a week then transfer them into a different tray. You can now use the worm castings for your garden.
Organic vegetable plant food is more than just an efficient way of using your resources; it is also a means to help our planet. It is not only environment-friendly. It is also cheap.