Raspberry plants grow vigorously and can invade most of your garden space if left unattended. The plant has underground suckers to propagate, therefore it can spread very quickly, developing roots and individual plants in all directions away from the parent plant. Red and black raspberries are common although there are purple and yellow raspberry varieties, too.
Raspberry fruits are rich in Vitamin C, fiber, minerals and antioxidants. It can be eaten fresh or as jams and jellies. It can be made into purees and fruit juice and used as flavoring for sweets, ice cream and desserts. Raspberry leaves have medicinal properties and used in herbal medicine. Fresh or dried leaves can be taken as tea.
You can move mature raspberry plants or raspberry suckers. They are resilient and hardy and tolerate moving very well. The best time to move them is during spring before new growths begin to appear. Below are the steps on how to move raspberry plants.
- As soon as the soil is warm enough, you can start preparing planting holes for raspberries. Dig the holes in the same depth as they were growing in before you removed them. Add compost to the soil that you have removed from the holes on a 1:1 ratio. The holes should be spaced two feet apart for red raspberries and three feet apart for black raspberries. Choose an area in your garden where the plants will receive full sunlight. Rich, loamy soil works best for raspberries.
- Use a shovel to dig mature raspberry plants so as not to disturb the roots too much. Raspberry suckers can be dug with a shovel. If you are separating the suckers from the parent plants, remove them from the soil carefully and clip the roots to separate common roots from the parent plant, leaving the roots extended about three to four inches from the suckers.
- Plant the dug plants and suckers into the holes immediately, being careful to spread the roots out and fill the hole with the soil and compost mixture. Pat the soil firmly around the plants. If you have to postpone the planting, put the plants in several pots and cover them with soil. Water them regularly and keep them in a cool, dark place. The plants will survive for a maximum of two weeks in that condition.
- Prune the mature raspberry plants by about one-third after transplanting them. Discard the pruned raspberry canes. There is no need to prune the raspberry suckers. Water the newly-planted raspberry plants. Regular watering should be done for one to two weeks to ensure that they will survive.
- Add about two inches of mulch around the newly-moved plants. Mulching will prevent excessive moisture loss and stem the growth of weeds.
- In warmer regions, you can move the plants around the end of September or the start of October to ensure that the plants start rooting and get established the following spring.
It is harder to dig up mature plants than to use new plants from suckers. Plant several varieties of raspberries in your garden to invite birds, bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects. Check the hardiness zone of your area so you will clearly know when to move your raspberry plants and ensure that you have a good harvest of luscious raspberries each summer.