Today’s households use electricity for almost everything. Most of the things we use at home are running on power, such as computers, entertainment systems, appliances, and the like. Although electricity makes our lives easier, not performing basic electrical maintenance at home could be very hazardous and dangerous for one’s family. Everyone at your home should be aware of the precautionary measures and the electrical maintenance needed to be observed at home.
Take proper care of your electronic systems at home, such as table lamps, lighting fixtures, cords and others. These and any other electrical source could cause fires, if not well-maintained. It’s always best to refer to a licensed electrician for big repairs, but any person competent in do-it-yourself projects can do basic maintenance. Here are a few things you should remember when doing an electrical check up at home.
- Before you start, wear rubber boots or shoes with rubber soles for your safety and protection. Stand on insulators like a rubber mat. Wear something with pockets. You may put your free hand, when you are using just one, inside your pocket, so you would avoid touching something that has an electric charge and make you a live circuit.
- Have a checklist of your electronic appliances at home. Highlight those often used and are often connected to the outlet or turned on. Check the cords of these electrical devices if they are in good condition. If they are frayed, loose or have other damages that you could see, have these replaced.
- Physically trace the connection of your equipment to the wall socket. Make sure that the electrical cords and extension cords (if you use them) are not running under your carpet and across doorways. Consider the idea of having additional outlets in areas where most of your gadgets would need them. This would lessen or even eliminate the use of extension cords. Of course, you need to have a professional do this.
- As much as possible use only one receptacle outlet at a given time, especially if the electronic device requires high voltage. Overloading electrical outlets can be very dangerous. Check the receptacle outlets you have at home and make sure you have all of them accounted for. You may list them down together with their location for your next maintenance check.
- If you are sure that an outlet is working properly, you can then use these in testing your electronic appliances.
- Strategically place your lamps far from items that are flammable or easily burnt, such as curtains. Double check the light bulb that you are using for your lamp. Make sure it matches the recommended type of bulb that it requires.
- Use a voltage tester in testing the voltage of your outlet or switch. Label the sockets with the corresponding voltage capacity for you to be able to determine which socket is for which. This is especially applicable in homes where sockets come in two voltages—the American standard 110 volts and the 220 volts that come standard elsewhere.
- Ask for someone’s help in checking the electricity systems outside the house and at high places. You would need that buddy to hold the ladder for you.
- Test the circuit controls of your circuit breaker boxes. Update or create the list if needed. Place a note on the circuit breaker box to inform your housemates that you are working with electricity, so that they would not turn it on accidentally.
- Check the large cables going out of the service panel box but do not touch or move it, because even if your turn the power off of the whole house, these would still be connected to the power line.
There are a lot of things you would need to check and double-check in performing electrical maintenance at home. In case of damaged cables, electronic wirings and others, and even if you just suspect there is something wrong, call your electric company or your electrician to make sure things are still on tip top shape when it comes to your electrical systems.