Grapes are delicious fruits that can be made into wine. Besides their edible qualities, the leaves and vines can be used for crafts, and the grape vine as a whole makes a lovely facet to your garden. To ensure a great and healthy looking grape vine, careful preparation of your vineyard, knowledge on proper planting and grape vine care among other details are essentially important. If you wish to grow grape vines in your garden whether for wine or table grapes, follow these corresponding steps to prevent grape growing mistakes.
- Choose the location. While grapes are easy to grow in many areas, most will not yield fruit if they do not get plenty of sunlight. Grapes like warm temperatures and exposure to the sun. If you are after the fruits, pick location where your vines shall get the most sunlight. Cultivating them on shaded areas is ideal for decorative purposes. Grapes also do well in most soils however it is best to plant them where there is a good drainage or water holding capacity. It will be much better if you can plant on a sloping land as slopes are typically well-drained and low in organic matter. Also remember to choose a location that is sheltered from extreme winds.
- Choose the grape variety carefully. Consider the climate when choosing the grape variety. While grapes grow on hot climate, they do not produce quality fruits and do not make great wine when ripened under very hot weather. Varieties that ripen late and are more rot resistant are preferable.
- Build your trellis even before you plant the vines. Trellis can function as architectural and decorative structure for your vineyard. In order to begin training the vine as soon as it starts to grow, a trellis for the vine to climb should be readily available.
- Provide netting to keep away birds. To protect your vines, deter the birds by providing netting for the vineyard. You can also use flash tapes or shiny strips of foil to effectively keep them at bay.
- Practice good sanitation. Problems caused by fungi are detrimental to the growth of the grapes. To control these problems, clip the leaves during the growing season to enhance airflow. Remove leaves, fruits, and vines that are affected by mildew.
- Nourish grapes with water. While they thrive under hot conditions, water is an important nutrient that makes grapes sweet and full. They need to be watered heavily and thoroughly but rather infrequently. Take note that too much water can cause iron chlorosis or yellowing of the leaves due to iron deficiency. In severe cases of iron chlorosis, the vines will grow and yield rather inadequately.
- Avoid excessive fertilizing. Too much fertilizer is going to grow more leaves than fruits. Moderate amounts can be used during the first two years but afterward avoid fertilizing unless the soil requires potassium or phosphorous.
Get to know more facts and information on growing grapes as knowledge is always power to avoid mistakes.