Snorkeling and scuba diving—on most occasions, both forms of recreation have only served one purpose. And that is to explore the corral reefs, but now thanks to human greed and carelessness backed by global warming, these underwater attractions are nearing their end. So here is a guide that may help us prolong the inevitable destruction of the world's corral reefs.
The destruction of Pelagic and Estuarine Biomes can be attributed to almost one thing, human waste. It is basically the uncontrolled flow of untreated raw sewage into the ocean that causes the destruction of organisms that create the life of every living organism in a single area of a corral reef. Basically, Mother Nature has provided for the safety of her reefs by creating barriers that can blot out and cleanse the water that flows from inland. It is also how tide pools are created when low tides happen in low lying beaches. They serve as tanks for undue organisms. But the problem basically lies in the magnitude of human waste that gathers from inland bodies of water such as rivers and streams that flow directly into open seas subsequently creating a bleaching effect that harms marine life. It mainly kills algae that serve as a food and oxygen source for smaller marine organisms. That in turn serves as food for bigger game, creating an imbalance in the marine food chain, not to mention the oxygen requirement for every area. It is basically a chemical reaction created by the waste mixed with salt water that creates poison. You can literally simulate this effect by pouring a bottle of vinegar into your chlorine treated aquarium at home. This same scenario was featured in Clive Cussler's novel "Sahara" where the world is endangered by the onset of a global red tide all because a nuclear arms disarmament plant dumps its waste into the middle of the Sahara desert instead of processing it. In turn it seeps into the Nile River speeding up the growth of a specific algae that eats up the rest of the organisms, leaving the world short of oxygen.
Basically, the effort in saving the corral reef is already being addressed by technologically advanced countries, such as the United States where they create barriers and treatment plants that process raw sewage before returning it to the ocean. The real problem lies within poorer and less fortunate nations who don't have the resources to put up such structures. One of the best examples would be the Philippine's Boracay island, one of the best summer beaches in the world. Its secret is that it has no sewage system, ergo everything goes back to the sea. And it said that if you dig deep enough into the sand, you're sure to find human waste. Additionally, the squatters and shanties that spring up beside small bodies of water in countries such as the Philippines continually produce garbage that they dump incessantly into the water. Surely, there have been no shortcomings in creating awareness for the people regarding the destruction of corral reefs. But all efforts fall short compared to Al Gore's "The Inconvenient Truth" about air pollution. The only solution now is to create an increase in awareness leveling that of Al Gore's documentary.
In Clive Cussler's "Sahara," the end of the world was pictured in the form of the infants and the sick that would be the first to die due to the depletion of oxygen. Next would be the old and finally the screams of all able bodied adults would serve as humanity's last gasp, all because of the destruction of the world's corral reefs.