House palm plants are popular decorations in homes and gardens, whether large or small. They are also commonly found adding a fresh stroke of greenery in offices, building lobbies, and lifestyle malls. House palm plants are easy to care for and propagate should the owner so desire. Here is a step-by-step instruction in propagating a palm plant through suckers.
- Prepare the clay pot where you will transfer the new palm plant. You can also use plastic pots or wooden plant holders in place of the clay pot.
- Add some potting mix into the pot. This mix should be one part coarse sand or perlite and one part organic potting soil. Moisten the potting mix by watering it. A moist soil is needed for the incubation the young palm pot.
- Take the old plant you have selected to propagate and remove it from its pot. Since this is messy, it is better do it outside the house in the garden or yard. Remember to select a nice healthy palm plant to propagate because there is a high probability that any plant resulting from the propagation will be just as healthy.
- Select a sucker that you will propagate. Suckers are shoots that grow on the side of the palm plant. They produce new roots that make them really ideal in propagation. In selecting a sucker, choose one that is at least one foot tall and has a lot of roots.
- Cut the cord, figuratively speaking. Cut the sucker from the grown up house palm plant. Cut the sucker as close to the base as you can to get the most number of roots possible. Use a very sharp knife or garden scissors for this purpose.
- Transfer the sucker into the pot with the potting mix. Dig about halfway through the bottom of the pot and put the sucker in there. Cover the sucker with the potting mix but do not pack it tight, just enough to get the sucker upright and sturdy.
- Cover the pot with a clear plastic. This has a double purpose. It will keep animals, children, and other elements from knocking the sucker off its base. It will also help maintain the temperature inside the pot. Ideally, the temperature should be kept at 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Keep the new plant hydrated. Water the young plant if you notice that the top of the potting mixture is drying out. Be careful not to drown the new plant with water as it may cause rot.
- After a month, remove the clear plastic covering the pot. At this point, you could probably notice new growth. It would also appear that the plant is sturdier as the roots of the sucker have settled. At this point, care for it as you would a mature palm plant.
- Transfer the young plant to a bigger pot the following spring. This time use a standard potting soil.
A reminder: It is better to propagate palm plants during springtime. Happy gardening!