First of all, know that if you’re interested in planting fruit trees and plants, it is better to buy seedlings from nurseries. This is because store-bought varieties are certified disease-free, unlike those that you would have to transplant, which may contain some viruses. Also, you have to be sure that the fruit tree you are planting is suited to your climate, since this will entail less maintenance on your part. Fruit trees and shrubs that are not ideal to the climate of an area will only serve to encourage predators, pests and diseases.
With that being said, how will you be able to propagate blueberries, if you choose to use cuttings from existing trees instead of buying seedlings? Here are some tips to help you out:
- Know when to propagate blueberries. As with many other plants, it is best to propagate blueberries during the early springtime, when growth is at its fullest. Make sure that you choose a mature and well-established blueberry to be the parent plant.
- Prepare your materials. You should have a soil mixture of peat moss and sand inside a pot; rooting hormone; water mist spray; a small pair of garden shears; and gloves to protect your hand.
- Know what to cut off. Your cuttings should come from the tips of the stems, with a length of about 3 to 6 inches. You may use a small pair of garden shears to cut them off from the parent plant. Once you have the cuttings, you should leave only the two top leaves on the branch; you could pull out the other leaves at the bottom of the stem.
- Place your cutting in the prepared soil. Make sure that you have thoroughly combined the peat moss and the sand. Place the blueberry stem into this soil mixture; make sure that you secure the stem about 2/3 down into the soil. You should apply rooting hormone (available in garden supply store) to encourage the fast development of roots.
- Keep the cutting in a humid environment. Because the cutting doesn’t have roots yet, it is easily prone to drying up. To help keep the air around it humid, you could cover the entire pot in transparent polythelene plastic. You should also regularly mist the plant with water, using a mist sprayer.
- Maintain the cuttings. Apply fungicide to the cuttings to keep them from rotting.
- Transplant the new growth. Always keep an eye out for new growth; once the stems have rooted (which could take a few weeks), you could transplant them into a larger pot. After about a year of growth, you could then transfer your new blueberries into your garden. Make sure that your garden soil has high acidity since blueberries thrive in soil that has a high pH. It’s also best that you pick a spot that receives constant sunshine the entire day.
There you have it! These are just some easy tips to remember if you want to propagate blueberries. Hope this helped you out, and good luck!