A pear tree is easy to grow because it doesn’t easily dry even if it’s not watered regularly. However, if you want it to be healthy and bear plenty of delicious pear fruits, it’s still recommended to water the tree everyday. It needs to be planted where it can get the full brightness of the sun. The pear tree and its fruits have many uses. Pear fruits are eaten fresh and can also be made into juice. They are also canned and dried for consumption. They are usually used in making jams and jellies. Pear wood is used in making furniture and woodwind instruments. The leaves of a pear tree were smoked in Europe before Tobacco became popular. Pruning your pear tree is needed to remove dead branches that may cause disease and stop the tree from bearing fruits. Winter is the best time to do this because this is the time when the pear tree is dormant. Others prune the tree in late summer when the wood is very hard and it already reached its maximum growth for the year.
Here are the steps on how to prune pear trees in winter.
- Prepare the things that you will need in pruning the pear tree. These are pruning shears and gloves. Clean your pruning shears before using it on your pear tree.
- Cut off suckers. Remove the shoots that are growing from the roots or from the bottom of the tree. They are called suckers. They will just get some of the nutrients that your pear tree needs to produce healthy fruits.
- Cut off dead branches. Pear trees should only be pruned lightly but should be done every year. This is to make sure the tree will keep producing healthy fruits and avoid fire blight. Major pruning or thinning of the tree will shock the pear tree and will stop it from bearing several fruits. Fire blight is a disease that the tree can get from insects, which can damage or even kill your tree. Major pruning of your tree will produce vigorous new growths, which are more prone to fire blight. Prune dead branches as well as branches which look sick. The pear tree forms its shape naturally so you can trim a little and follow its natural shape.
- Cut branches at the center of the pear tree. The center of the tree should be uncluttered. More like the shape of a goblet wine so that the air can circulate properly on all parts of the tree. This also allows sunlight to reach all parts as well. Do not prune the branches too close to the main branch. If you did a major pruning or cut the tree very thin, do not prune on the following year to let the tree rejuvenate. Wait for another three years before pruning the tree again. Cut the whorls that grow and swirl around the branches.
Once done pruning, the branches that you cut should be disposed properly to avoid spreading disease that may damage your trees. Burn the branches that you cut off for proper disposal. Water your pear tree everyday and prune lightly every year so that it will keep on producing healthy pear fruits.