How To Recognize and Treat Prostate Problems

The prostate, in simplest terms, is part of the reproductive system of males (it holds about 25 to 30% of the semen and it also helps in the ejaculation of the semen). It is located below the bladder and in front of the bowel. It is shaped like a walnut, is about 1.2 inches across, and surrounds a part of the urethra.

  • Know the different problems that may involve the prostate. There are four common conditions that involve the prostate, and these are the following: prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatodynia, and prostate cancer.
  • Prostatitis is characterized by inflammation of the prostate, and can result to discomfort in the pelvis. This condition may be caused by infection.
  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) refers to the enlargement of the prostate, and this condition is common among men 50 years old and above.
  • Prostatodynia refers to chronic prostate disease, and it is characterize by pain in the pelvic region.
  • Prostate cancer is the one condition of the prostate that is life-threatening. It is one of the slower-growing cancers, and early detection and treatment is very important. Men who are over 50 are advised to periodically be examined for prostate cancer, as this is the second-largest cause of male-cancer deaths and in many cases, there are no obvious symptoms at all.
  • Know the general symptoms of a prostate problem. The four prostate problems identified above may be characterized by similar symptoms. Some of the symptoms to watch out for include the following: difficulty, discomfort/ pain and uncharacteristic frequency in urinating, painful ejaculation, blood in the urine or semen, decreased sexual urges, and decreased ability to get an erection. Anybody who has any of the above symptoms is recommended to consult their doctor right away, as the best solution for any prostate problem is still early diagnosis and treatment.
  • Consult your doctor immediately. How the doctor treats the prostate problem will of course, depend on the diagnosis. For the case of Prostatitis, BPH and Prostatodynia, treatment is usually given through the form of antibiotics. Pain medications and muscle relaxants are given in the case of chronic pain.
  • In some cases, an operation may be required. This is especially true in the case of BPH, with the surgical procedure called TURP or trans-urethral resection of the prostate. This is done to widen the urethral passage.
  • Know how prostate cancer will be diagnosed. The diagnosis of prostate cancer is done through the biopsy of the prostate gland. The treatment of this condition depends on the extent of the tumor: whether it is organ-confined/localized to the gland; locally advanced; or  metastatic/spread to other areas of the body. Some of the treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, hormonal therapy, or a combination of any of these treatment modes.
  • Know how to help aid in the treatment of prostate problems. There are many ways that a person could help facilitate his healing through simple home remedies. Diet is of course very crucial: a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids, selenium and antioxidants will help reduce inflammation and help control symptoms. It is also recommended that caffeine, alcohol and food with hydrogenated vegetable oil as an ingredient be avoided.
  • Do Kegel exercises. These exercises are known to build up the muscles in the pelvic region and helps reduce prostate problem symptoms. To do Kegel exercises, simply contract your muscles as if you were stopping yourself from urinating; hold this for 15 seconds, release, then contract muscles once again. These exercises should be done several times daily.

Remember, prostate problems are treatable, but it is best that they be detected very early. Be conscious about getting regular check-ups so you won’t have to worry about this disease.


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