When you get wounded, the skin cells and the connective tissue cells called fibroblasts will start to multiply to repair the tear caused by the wound. The connective tissue cells will form a framework, which the skin cells can fill to cover the tear. There should be a balance between the speed of multiplication of the skin cells and fibroblasts. If the fibroblasts replicate more quickly than the skin cells, the latter will have difficulty in penetrating the dense network of fibroblasts that will result in a thick scar. If the skin cells grow replicate faster than the fibroblasts your skin will have a thinner or no scar at all. Thick scars cause deformities on an otherwise beautiful skin and can make a person very self-conscious. Below are some tips on how to remove thick scars.
- Thick scars are harder to remove than ordinary scars. Early prevention of the thick scar from forming is necessary to minimize the formation of fibroblasts. If you are prone to having thick scars when you get wounded, apply a silicone-based treatment patch over the scar.
- Get a professional dermatologist to take a look at your scars and ask if you can be given a prescription for a corticosteroid cream. This preparation is very effective in minimizing the size of thick scars as well as fading the skin discoloration. Follow the instructions for using corticosteroid products as this cause skin thinning.
- Cortisone shots can help significantly reduce some thick scars. Check with a professional dermatologist if this type of treatment will be beneficial for your skin type. Only a only physician or a licensed dermatologist can administer cortisone shots.
- Laser treatments are also being used now to reduce the appearance of thick scars. Laser treatments not only remove most of the scar tissues, it can also prevent the recurrence of scars after completion of the treatment as compared to scar revision procedures which has a tendency to create more scars at the surgical site is the person has a tendency to develop keloids.
- Some dermatologist may recommend cryotherapy to remove thick scar tissues in conjunction with corticosteroid injections. The process involves freezing the tissue so it will die and be gradually removed from the skin. Cryotherapy can leave the surrounding skin much lighter so this is suitable only for those with light or fair skin coloring.
- There are also some home remedies that you can use to reduce the size of the thick scar. With continued application, most of the thick scars will disappear in time. You can lightly massaging the scar tissue with olive oil for about two minutes several times a day. You can also use tea tree oil or pierce a Vitamin E soft gel capsule and squeeze a drop over the scar tissue. You can also rub the scar tissue with fresh aloe vera or mix aloe vera juice with Vitamin E oil. Make a paste from cucumber flesh and apply it directly on the scar. Best results can be achieved when you leave the cucumber paste on overnight.
Your body needs adequate amounts of protein, Vitamins A, C and E as well as selenium and zinc to promote the healthy growth of skin cells for faster wound healing with less scarring. Make sure that your diet in rich in all the vitamins, minerals and all the nutrients you need on a daily basis. Do remember that the body cannot absorb some of the proteins that you eat so you may need to take some supplements to supply your daily requirements.