How To Repair Gouges in Furniture

Does your furniture have some gouges, dents or scratches on its surface? Good thing is that you could do some quick repairs and fixes to address this problem. Here are some of the solutions for you to best repair gouges in your precious furniture.

  • Assess the extent of damage. There are different types of damages that wooden furniture can sustain, and these include the following: scratches, dents and deep hollows. How you will act upon the damage will depend on the nature of the damage.
  • Prepare your materials. For the case of gouges or deep hollows upon your furniture, you will need to have the following materials: wood filler, putty knife, medium- and fine-grit sandpaper, some rags, a paintbrush, primer and paint or varnish.
  • Know how to choose wood filler. Wood filler is also known as wood putty or wood paste. Because wood filler is the most important component of this project, it’s important that you know how to properly choose the type that you will use. Buy wood fillers that have good adhesion and which will not shrink or dry upon application. Even though water-based wood fillers are good for the environment, it may be better to use solvent-based wood fillers in order to avoid the problem of grain-rise, or of the filler rising up above the furniture surface. You should also choose wood filler that is as close a match to the color of the wood as possible. Another very important factor is the extent of the damage: if the damage to the furniture is minimal, you could use regular wood filler; if the damage is more extensive, epoxy filler is recommended.
  • Prepare the area. Make sure that you clean the area completely and vacuum away dust and debris before you start applying the wood filler. This will ensure that the wood filler will adhere more strongly to the gouge.
  • Apply the wood filler. Get the putty knife and use it to fill up the gouge with wood filler. Use the putty knife as a spatula and completely fill up the hole, until the wood filler is just a few centimeters above the actual surface of the furniture. It’s recommended that you apply a little at a time, and just add on layers as necessary.
  • Let the wood filler dry. If you used regular wood filler, it could take about 60 minutes for it to dry. If you used epoxy wood filler, you will need to wait for about 24 hours before moving on to the next step.
  • Sand the wood filler. In order to ensure a smoother, more seamless finish, you should sand the wood filler until it is completely level with the surface of the wood. Start sanding the surface with coarse sandpaper, and finish up with fine-grit sandpaper. Use rags to carefully dust off the surface.
  • Apply primer. Now, apply wood primer over the surface. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for this step. Once the primer dries, paint over the furniture.

There you have it! These are the steps for repairing gouges in furniture. This is actually quite a simple task to do, especially if there is just one or two gouges that you have to deal with. You might even find this to be a therapeutic and relaxing project to undertake. Good luck and hope this helped!


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