Vocabulary and reading fluency go hand in hand. When a person knows the basic words of a certain language, reading fluency is much easier to achieve. This is because a person’s knowledge and understanding of the words will allow him to read the text with accuracy and therefore enable him to comprehend the message. Teaching vocabulary and reading fluency is an important parental duty. To help you fulfill this duty, here are some of the ways to enrich your child’s vocabulary and improve his reading fluency.
- Speak to your child often. Discuss anything and everything with your child, as this will give you opportunities to introduce new words to him. While driving, for instance, point to different objects. When dining, name the ingredients of the meal. When watching TV, discuss the characters or the setting of the story. Explain the meaning of the new words and incorporate them often in sentences. Make sure to also encourage your child to use the words.
- Read to your child. Reading is an effective method in building your child’s vocabulary and improving reading fluency. If he can’t read on his own, make it a habit to read to your child before bedtime or any time reading is possible. Take note of the words that he isn’t familiar with and explain it to him in a simple manner. As you read, ask the child several questions to know if he truly understands the story. If necessary, repeat phrases and sentences to help your child pick up information. If he can already read, make sure to read along. Both of you should read aloud, so you can check your child’s pronunciation and intonation. At the end of the reading session, ask your kid what he learned from the story to gauge his reading fluency and comprehension. Ask who the main character was, what the character went through, and how the character resolved any problem.
- Watch educational videos. Educational videos are widely available to help parents improve children’s vocabulary. These videos are structured in a straightforward manner, making them effective for teaching. Make sure to choose an educational video that is appropriate for your child’s age. After watching, take time to review the lessons to help your child retain the new information.
- Make a list of “good to read” books. If your child is old enough to read on his own, encourage him to read classic literature. Classic books use extensive vocabulary and will therefore introduce new words to your kid. Early exposure to classic literature will also encourage love of reading. Examples of good children’s classics are “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer,” “The Swiss Family Robinson,” “Little Women,” “The Secret Garden,” “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland,” and “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.”
- Give your child a dictionary. Your child will encounter lots of words as he reads books. This is why it is important for him to have a dictionary while reading. Encourage him to list down the new words along with their meanings using his dictionary.
Make sure to be a model to your child. Learn with him, read with him, and talk to him often. With a rich vocabulary and reading fluency, your child can make the most out of the written form of language.