Although Isaac Merritt Singer was not the inventor of the sewing machine, the improvements he made in its design was so important that even though many had had sewing machine patents way before he did, the Singer Sewing Machine Company continued to be a success until today. Its success was rooted on the practicality and the ease of use of the machine. Hence, many people adapted it for home use. If you have one at home and you have time to practice, learning how to use it is easy. Here are the steps with some suggestions on how you can use your Singer Merritt sewing machine or Singer 2402 sewing machine.
- Preparing the sewing machine. The first thing that you need to do is to prepare your sewing machine for use. This includes removing all the parts that can be removed and cleaning it. Make sure that you free your sewing machine from lints, dusts or leftover threads. Also, to ensure that you will be able to smoothly operate the machine, oil the parts that are moving constantly when you sew. Put back all the parts that you have removed. Turn the handwheel to check if your sewing machine is working properly.
- Inserting a new needle. The next thing you need to do is to put a new needle to your sewing machine. To do this, loosen the thumbscrew first before the needle can be inserted. Tighten the thumbscrew once you have inserted a new sewing machine needle.
- Winding the bobbin. Turn the handwheel towards you while pressing the presser foot to raise the needle in its highest position. Turn the handwheel knob towards you with your right hand to loosen it. Keep the hand wheel in place by holding it with your left hand. On the spool pin, place the spool of thread while making sure that the thread retaining slit is positioned to the right. Put the spool holder on the spool pin and then press it firmly against the thread spool. To proceed with the winding, lead the thread in to the thread guide post and then open the top cover. Then, lead it around the bobbin winder tension disc and through the hole in the bobbin from inside out. Put the bobbin on the spindle and move the bobbin winder to the right. Start the machine while holding the end of the thread. Stop when the bobbin is full and cut the connecting thread. Now, move the winder to the left and then remove the bobbin. Tighten the hand wheel knob while holding the hand wheel.
- Threading the bobbin case. Hold the bobbin so that you will be able to unwind the thread. Pull the thread and put it in the notches present in the bobbin case. Get approximately four inches of the thread and draw it diagonally across the bobbin. Now, close the slide plate to allow the thread to extend to the slot located between the needle plate and the slide plate.
- Threading the sewing machine. Now, locate the spool pin and then insert a spool of thread on it. Secure it in place using the spool holder. In order to release the tension in the thread, raise the presser foot. Turn the handwheel towards you to raise the take-up lever to the highest position. Snap the thread into the first thread guide post and then into the upper thread guide. Put your right hand on the thread spool and then put thread in the needle thread tension. Slide it over the metal plate located between the tension discs using your left hand. Then lead the thread to the tension wire. Put the thread in the take-up lever and guide it through the needle. Draw at least four inches of thread through the eye of the needle.
- Adjust the settings. Now you can set and put the tension of the machine to three or four. You can do this via the tension knob. You should also be able to see a big knob in front of your sewing machine where you can set the stitch length that you like. Also, on the left side of your sewing machine, you should be able to see controls that set the stitch width. Controls located on the right side of the sewing machine is meant for setting the needle position.
Before trying to sew clothes using your sewing machine, you can try to practice different stitch patterns with stitch cams first.