Caring for Pygmy goats is not that different from caring for any other species of goat, or any other animal for that matter, just in smaller portions. Pygmy goats need food, water and shelter just like the rest of us.
Proper food includes:
- Grains such as oats, corn, goat ration, and sweet feed. It is important to include goat ration and sweet feed to ensure that they get the vitamins and minerals they need. Each Pygmy goat should be fed ¼ cup of grain twice daily. Grain should be fed in a trough off the ground to prevent the grain from being soiled by the goats.
- Forage can include alfalfa hay and grass hay. Feeding alfalfa hay is important for the roughage and calcium that it provides, and grass hay is an excellent source of roughage and vitamin A. It is important to feed hay in a hay trough located off the ground where it cannot be soiled by the goats.
- A mineral/salt block should also be available and should be off the ground as well.
Water is important for the goats' health:
- Water should be available at all times.
- It should be kept clean as possible, and changed when needed.
- It should be in a bucket, located off the ground, but within reach for the smallest goats in the herd.
Shelter can be anything from open pasture to barn stalls. Requirements that best suit Pygmy goats are:
- A structure that keeps them out of the sun, wind, rain, and cold.
- A pasture that provides good forbs, browse, and plants, such as dandelions and clover, or brushes and vines, not just grasses.
- The type of fencing used is important also. It is best to use 48" cattle wire, because it is stronger and will last longer than other types of wire.
Other care that Pygmy goats need includes:
- Vaccinations, such as the 3-way goat vaccination that covers type C&D Perfringens of Enterotoxemia and Tetanus, should be given annually.
- Wormers, such as Ivermectine and Panacur, should be given every 3-4 months.
- Pygmy goats will need their hooves trimmed every 2 months or so.
These goats are very enjoyable to watch, especially the kids and young does and bucks. They enjoy playing, like any goat, so keeping them entertained is somewhat important. In order to do this, place a picnic table with benches in their pen and watch them pretend it is a mountain as they jump back and forth on it. They also enjoy rocks and boulders that are large enough for them to climb on and jump off. These items will keep them entertained for hours, and usually anyone who is watching them as well.