Raising a puppy can be fun and challenging. Still, there are many things you should know before attempting to bring a new family member into the home.
First, research the breed. Large dogs such as Labradors or Shepherds need lots of space. They tend to spend much of their time outdoors. If opting for the larger breed, make sure you have a large, fenced backyard for plenty of exercise.
Living in smaller quarters, such as an apartment, necessitates a small breed of dog. Poodles and Chihuahuas are among the best breeds for intimate housing. These breeds familiarize themselves with the owner and are very territorial.
Shelter for the large breed can be inside or out. If your large pup spends most of his time outdoors, a dog- run and shelter are vital. The dog-run offers safety and a sense of security. A dog house provides shelter for your pet from the elements.
Crate training is great for the small breed. At night or when the owner is away, it is best to house the small pup in a crate at least three times the puppy's size. This space provides enough room for movement and offers a sense of security.
Whether the new edition is large or small, a full series of immunizations is crucial. Parvo is the number one killer of puppies in the first six months of life. This virus is hardy and can be carried on shoes and clothing. This killer virus remains active in the environment until the first frost. While it is fun to take your pup to the park or to a pet store, never do so when the pup is under six months. Parvo is ingested when your puppy comes into contact with fecal matter. Wait until the full series of immunizations has been given and your puppy is over six months old to introduce him to the public and other dogs.
Signs of Parvo include: a marked reduction in weight, uncontrollable diarrhea, loss of interest in food and water, and depression. If your pup experiences these signs, take him to the vet immediately for hydration. An extended stay may be warranted.
Potty training is especially difficult on both the pup and the owner. If you see indications that the pet has defecated or urinated in an undesirable place, never hit. Take the pup to the area and show him the signs of unwanted behavior. In a stern voice, make a statement of disappointment. Dog's have an innate desire to please their owner. Showing disapproval embarrasses the pup. This emotional tool is very effective. Be sure to introduce the pup to the proper place for relief several times a day. Removing water and food by 8:00 pm is also helpful.