How To Determine Sex of Baby Chickens

Determining the sex of baby chickens is important when you are in the poultry business. Poultry farmers need to know if the baby chicken will become a female or a male to determine if they can sell to chicken farms and which they can keep for possible breeding purposes. Determining the sex of baby chickens can be tricky, but with a trained eye and enough chickens to make a comparison with, you can tell which baby chickens are male and which are female.

Follow the tips below to determine the sex of baby chickens.

  • Understand chicken sexing. Chicken sexing is the process of determining which chickens are male and which are female. All poultry farms have an area especially used to separate the male baby chickens from the female baby chickens. Chicken poultry farms hire and train people to distinguish the male baby chickens from the female baby chickens. Chicken sexing might be difficult for some, while for those experienced with chicken sexing, they can distinguish the male baby chickens from the female baby chickens by glancing at them. There are two ways to determine the sex of baby chickens. The two ways of determining the sex of baby chickens are feather sexing and vent sexing.
  • Check the baby chicken’s wing feathers. Baby chickens specially bred for poultry business purposes are usually hybrid chickens. Hybrid chickens are chickens that are babies of crossbred chickens. By crossbreeding various types of chickens, the feathers of the male and female chickens become easily distinguishable. If you have specially bred chickens for poultry business purposes, you can check the baby chickens’ wing feathers. Female baby chickens have uneven pinfeathers and down feathers at the tips of their wings, while male baby chickens have almost even pinfeathers and down feathers at the tips of their wings. Feather sexing is the method for determining baby chickens’ sex or gender by distinguishing them apart by their pinfeathers and down feathers.
  • Determine the baby chickens’ sex using vent-sexing method.  Vent sexing is the method of determining the baby chickens’ sex by checking their vents for a “male process.” A male process is a tiny, bulbous protrusion inside the baby chickens’ anus. The baby chickens’ genitals are inside the anus, so you need to squeeze out any excrement that might get in the way of seeing the presence of a male process or a lack thereof. Vent sexing takes longer and is at best 90% accurate. You need to turn a baby chicken on its back, squeeze the protrusion below the tip of their tail, and look for a tiny, bulbous protrusion or the male process. If there is no protrusion or male process or if the protrusion is very small, the baby chicken is most likely female. If there is a visible protrusion or male process, the baby chicken is most likely female. Vent sexing requires a highly trained eye and applies to chickens that are purebred or especially bred for poultry business purposes.

Chicken sexing might be tricky, but following the steps below, getting a lot of experience by exposing yourself to chicken sexing, and knowing the distinct differences between male and female baby chickens by using the feather sexing method or the vent sexing method will allow you to quickly distinguish male baby chickens from female baby chickens.

 

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