In 1899, Capt. Max von Stephaniz of Karlsruhe, Germany, bred the world's first-ever known German Shepherd. It resulted from cross-breeding a farm dog and an old herding breed.
A century later, the German Shepherd has gained worldwide prominence. However, it is no longer associated with farming or herding. It is now recognized for its valuable assistance in fulfilling various police works and other related tasks. Here are some pointers if you need to identify a German Shepherd:
- General appearance. A German Shepherd is not just agile, but it is also strong. It can be seen from its well-developed muscles. Likewise, you should note the apparent congruence in the development of its forequarters and hindquarters. A German Shepherd is normally deep-bodied. When you look at it, you may describe it to be "longer" instead of "taller." It has a face that gives off an expression that is quite noble. At the withers, a male German Shepherd is pegged to stand between 24 and 26 inches; meanwhile, a female, between 22 and 24 inches. When you measure it from its breastbone to the rear end of its pelvis, the result should at least 15% longer compared to its size. Its back isn't that long.
- Head. The head of a German Shepherd is cleanly chiseled. It definitely renders a strong "stance." However, if you are looking at the head of a male German Shepherd, you are going to notice its masculinity. On the other hand, if it is the head of a female German Shepherd, its femininity. The expression for both genders suggests composure and intelligence. That can be attributed to the eyes of a German Shepherd - dark, almond-shaped and medium-size. Even though its eyes are set quite obliquely, they don't protrude. Meanwhile, its ears are distinct, too. They are pointed. They open essentially towards the front. They don't hang because they stand erect. They shouldn't be cropped.
- Body appearance. A German Shepherd has a muscular, long neck. Aside from being proportionate to its head, its neck also doesn't have those loose skin folds. If you check its withers, you are going to notice that they are relatively higher that its back and they slope naturally, too.
- Tail. A German Shepherd has a very distinct tail. It is long and bushy. If you look at it a bit closer, you are going to find that its last vertebra extends up to its hock joint. It sets low directly to the croup. It hangs when the dog is resting and it rises when the dog is actually excited.
Even though a German Shepherd is now closely associated to police works,
it remains to be a great herder. It is still also seen as a wonderful
family companion. Despite its fearless and dominant personality, it is
not inherently hostile. So, if you are toying the idea of owning one at
home, don't entertain those second thoughts. Go on and introduce to your
family your own German Shepherd. And if you need to identify one, don't
forget the pointers that you learned from this article. Visit your
community pet shop or animal shelter soon.