Did you know that even cats can have seizures? Seizures in cats are usually caused by epilepsy or a brain tumor. Though the seizures can be scary for pet owners, they do not usually cause any pain for the cat. Still, if a seizure continues for long enough, it will cause lasting health effects. Here's how to treat a cat with seizures:
- Treat the underlying health issues. If you think your cat has had a seizure, it's time for a vet visit. Your vet will provide treatment options for the underlying health issues, such as epilepsy or a brain tumor. Some of these treatments may reduce the frequency of the seizures. In most cases, seizures have an underlying cause and will not stop until this is treated. Be aware that the diagnosis and treatment can be both costly and lengthy, requiring a battery of tests, a full examination, medications and/or surgery.
- Medicate as directed. Treat a cat with seizures by providing her with the proper veterinary care. Your veterinarian may prescribe a range of medications and other treatments. Medicate your cat as directed by the vet to treat the underlying cause and reduce the frequency of her seizures.
- Understand the signs. Before your cat has a seizure, she may look nervous or try to hide from you. This will last for a few seconds to a minute. Then, during the actual seizure (which can last anywhere from a couple of seconds to five minutes), all of the cat's muscles will contract. She will likely fall on her side, which can be a scary time for pet owners. If you notice the pre-seizure behaviors and your cat is in a dangerous place, like a window perch, bring her to ground level to reduce the chance of the cat hurting herself during the seizure.
- Care for your cat during and after the seizure. During the seizure, there is not much you can do for your cat unless the seizure is prolonged; in this case, you should seek immediate veterinary attention. Do not touch or pick up your cat or place your fingers anywhere near his mouth. During a seizure, involuntary urination and defecation are common. Clean up after your cat once the seizure is over. After the seizure, your cat may be confused, disoriented, or restless. Remain calm and provide your cat with a quiet place to rest and recover from the seizure.
- Keep a seizure record. Keep a record of your cat's seizures, including dates and the duration of each seizure. This information may be requested by the veterinarian. Time the seizure, and alert your vet if any have lasted more than 2 or 3 minutes.
Pets' health problems, including seizures, can be scary. It is especially nerve wracking for the first few times. With patience and experience, the seizures will become less stressful, and you'll learn how to deal with them.