There are three fundamental aspects of catching salmon that any fisherman must know to be successful. These aspects are equipment, time, and location.
- Equipment includes a number of different features including the equipment used to actually land the fish, and the equipment used by the fisherman. Most salmon are caught in colder climates in the North Atlantic and North Pacific Ocean areas. Each region hosts its own types of salmon. Timing is important and a fishing license is generally necessary before you can catch salmon. When fishing for salmon during their breeding season, many anglers hire charter boats and troll for salmon. These charters can usually provide fishing enthusiasts with all the equipment they will need. For people looking for a more terrestrial approach, walking to a stream or river during a salmon run is a possibility. Some salmon, such as Sockeye and Atlantic Salmon, can be fished by using a fly rod. For common rod fishing ensure that you have at a minimum a fishing pole, test line, and reel that is capable of landing a 25 lb fish or larger, a spinning or vibrating lure or cured salmon eggs to catch the attention of the salmon, lead weights to attach to the line and sink the lure in fast moving water, and waterproof clothing.
- Salmon have a very distinct breeding cycle that includes rivers, streams, bays and the ocean. Salmon will live in each of these regions depending on which part of the cycle they are in and which type of salmon is being fished. When swimming up river to spawn, salmon are generally too pre-occupied to find food and might avoid lures completely. It is important to know the life cycle of the salmon and plan your fishing trip accordingly.
- Location is perhaps the most important aspect of fishing for salmon. When planning a fishing trip ensure that you are visiting an area with known salmon fishing. Generally salmon can be found in the northern climes, some of the more famous locations for salmon fishing being Alaska, Montana, Washington, many provinces in Canada, and Scotland. Each area hosts its own specific type of salmon. Atlantic Salmon are common in Scotland and Eastern Canada while King Salmon, Coho Salmon, and Sockeye Salmon runs occur in the western regions.
Prior to attempting any fishing be sure you know the type of salmon you are fishing for, where they can be located, and the habits of that fish.