Tuna are very large fish. They are good to eat and also good to catch. There are many types of tuna such as the Blackfin, Bluefin, Albacore and Skipjack. Skipjack can be caught near the coast, but many anglers catch tuna offshore by using one of two methods: chumming and trolling. Chumming is when you use bait such as squid or sardines. Each type of bait is attached to a fishing hook, and more bait is dropped in the water to attract the tuna. Trolling is when you pull lures behind a boat that is moving slowly.
Let's deal with chumming first. You would need to cut up your bait. Make sure to keep all the blood and entrails, these are perfect for chumming. Once you have reached a potential fishing site, start dropping the chum into the water periodically. Once you have attached your bait and dropped additional bait in the water to attract fish, drop in your fishing line. You will know when a fish bites. If a long time passes and no fish has bitten, reel in your line slowly, check the bait and once again drop your line into the water and slowly lower your line to the correct depth and wait again.
If the fish does bite, let the line run for about 5 seconds, then start reeling it in until the line gets taut and the struggle begins. Once the tuna is hooked, it is very important to hold your fishing line straight up over the fish. The tuna may take you around the boat more than once, but it is important to keep the line pointing straight at the fish. Depending on the size and weight of the tuna, it can take anywhere from 15 minutes to over an hour to get the fish onto the boat!
If you are going to use the trolling method, then you must pick your lures correctly. They come in several shapes, colors and sizes. They have different names. Pick the Kona head lure. It creates the ideal surface action and bubble trail for attracting tuna.
Then set out the outriggers. These are limbs that stretch out from either side of the boat. This will help you troll more lines without them tangling. Usually four lines are used when trolling for tuna. However, if you use the right equipment, it's possible to use more than four lines. The outrigger will release the line once a fish strikes it.
Then, bring in the tuna. If you are keeping the fish to eat later, put it on ice right away. Treat it properly if you are going to release it.
Enjoy your tuna fishing experience!