Before two teams are able to start playing a baseball game, the coaches, umpires or players must first set up and chalk a baseball field. In order to chalk a baseball field, the umpires or coaches must have certain equipment such as tape measures. In addition, depending on weather conditions and the condition of the field, you may have to rake the field before you are able to chalk a baseball field.
If there are poor weather conditions or the field is already in poor shape, you must naturally fix the field up before chalking the baseball field. The surface of the infield can be fixed with a piece of equipment called an infield fodder. An infield drag smooths the playing surface by breaking up big clumps of clay and dirt, creating a more even ground. Areas that are too wet or muddy should be fixed with hand rakes. By raking more dirt and clay on top of the mud, the surface should eventually become playable.
In order to chalk a baseball field, one must first determine where home plate should be located. Home plate should be located a few feet from the backstop, and dictates the locations of the rest of the baseball field. Second base should be the second item that is set up. Using a tape measure, one should make a straight line towards the outfield from home plate, and place the second base bag exactly 127 feet, 3 3/8 inches away from home plate. First base and third base should be exactly 90 feet away from both home plate and second base, and will also serve as the foul lines. The last item that needs to be measured is the pitching rubber, which should be between second base and home plate, with it being exactly 60 feet and 6 inches away from home plate.
Once home plate, the bases, and the pitching rubber are set into place, you can begin chalking the rest of the field. A tape measure can be used to form a straight line from the front corner of home plate to first base. Using this as a guideline, powdered chalk should be dropped in a straight line from home plate out into the outfield. The same thing should be done down the third base line. The final item that needs to be drawn when chalking a baseball field is the batter's box. The batter's boxes are 4 feet wide and 6 feet long boxes that are to be drawn on both sides of home plate with powdered chalk.