For someone who does not play golf, looking at the grooves on a golf club does not have much meaning. But if you are one who is interested in the sport and would like to know more about how to improve your game, looking at the golf club closely and the grooves on it is important. It is the grooves on the face of your golf club that determines the amount of spin applied on the ball.
There are generally just two types of grooves used in golf.
- The Square Grooves or U-Grooves. Square grooves on golf clubs increase a golf balls spin rate and makes it easier for the ball to stop on the green. But the use of this type of groove will be banned by 2010 since according to the testing and research of the USGA (United States Golf Association), U-Grooved clubs give golf players an unfair advantage when they use golf balls covered in urethane in getting out of the sand and the rough. U-grooves are no longer allowed in elite-level competitions and by 2024 will not be allowed in organized amateur games.
- V-Grooves. The V-Grooves are expected to replace the Square grooves. Based on tests conducted by the USGA the “V” shape grooves apply a fair amount of spin to a golf ball. Golf balls that are perfectly struck will receive identical amounts of backspin from the fairway lies. Compared to U-Grooves, V-Grooves provide more consistent impact on the spin of a golf ball.
To help identify grooves on a golf club, you can do the following:
- A wedge club or iron is used if a golf ball is in the rough, at the edge of the putting green, or is in a sand trap. Get a wedge club and examine its face, the part of the golf club that hits the golf ball. The V-shaped or U-shaped lines seen on the face are the grooves. Using a magnifying glass, look at the slight taper at the cross section of the grooves. If it appears like a u-shaped or box appearance it is a U-groove compared to the other groove that appears in a V-groove shape.
- A driver club is used for light spins. When you examine the grooves on a driver club, the grooves you will see are more for aesthetic purposes. The grooves may not even cover the driver club’s face.
To identify if a club has Ping Square Grooves, do the following:
- Use a magnifying glass and look at the grooves on the wedge club or iron.
- Check the manufacturer’s name printed and the model. All Ping clubs produced up to the year 2010 have square grooves. You will find the PING logo at the rear of the iron together with the manufacturer, Karsten's name, club make, and the serial number.
- To check the legality of the patent. You will find stamped in the Ping Eye 2 club cavity: US Patents D276644 and D4512577.
The type of equipment used in golf can change and improve the way your game is played at various skill levels. Depending on the type of equipment used you can improve your accuracy, distance, and your ability to quickly stop the ball. It is key that you know which type of club to use and when.