Each state has its own rules for trapping coyotes. Know what they are before wasting your time, energy and money to avoid illegal trapping. Coyotes are intelligent animals and great survivalists. Coyotes are cunning and take advantage of any situation that presents itself. Many chicken coops have fallen prey to their wily ways. The coyote is a creature of habit following the same trails regularly. They prefer country that has some hills and ridges to it so they can scan the area before loping away. Before you can successfully trap a coyote, you need to learn their daily routine. It is important to know where the coyote frequently stops. These could be as commonplace as by an old carcass, watering holes, and high hills, piles of brush, ravines or old hay piles. While you are studying the behavior of the coyote you want to trap remember no two coyotes will act the same they all have their own distinctiveness. Walk the area where you have been experiencing loses. Examine the different tracks left in the immediate area, also look at the different droppings to make sure the predator is a coyote. Determine where the coyote enters and exits the area.
The most common trap used for trapping coyotes is the 3N trap. If using a used trap, make sure it is clean and free from contamination from previous use. Used traps are often rusty which will slow the trap action, the coyote will escape, and you will find an empty trap. Use of a wire brush is the best method for removing the rust build-up. You are now ready to find the exact place to set your trap. Because coyotes prefer walking on flat, easy surfaces you need to find a place that is in the open. Do not put the trap in the direct path the coyote uses. Consider wind direction, open visibility and scent distribution. Position the open trap in a shallow hole. Securely place the stake a minimum of 18 inches into the ground. This will keep the coyote from pulling up the trap when caught. Pack dirt firmly around the trap area leaving the area looking as natural as possible. The only unpacked dirt should be directly above the trap. Finely chopped hay is a great natural cover to sprinkle over the unpacked area for a more natural look. Some good bait would be a chunk of meat or a dead fish. Bury your trap in a spot where the wind will distribute the bait scent across the path. It is important to check your traps daily. If you find a coyote in one of your traps, shoot it from a safe distance, the coyote will make a desperate attempt to escape as you approach.