Peru had been part of the great Empire of Inca, which experienced frequent revolutions. After 20 years of dictatorship the country opened to the world's events. When Caral, known as the Sacred City of Peru, was declared as "World Cultural Heritage," Peru became one of the top ten countries in the world, which has a countless number of historical sites. Peru shares this honor with China, India, Italy, Egypt, Greece, France, among others. Peru is the only country in Latin America that is on the list.
Some notable historical sites in Peru include:
- Machu Picchu was built in the 15th century and was a symbol of the Incan Empire. But because of its isolated location, tourists did not frequently visit it until its rediscovery in 1911. Since then it has been visited by tourists and become one of the seven ancient wonders of the world.
- The Sacred Valley of the Incas is Peru's center for the production of maize. It is surrounded with rivers and gorges resembling a beautiful lace giving a picturesque view of the place. The valley includes pre-Hispanic ruins that tourists could appreciate.
- The archaeological Site of Chavin dates back in 800 B.C. Chavin was known to be the place where a religious cult was organized. The jaguar played a significant role in the cult.
- Huascaran National Park holds the Cordillera Blanca and is also known to be the highest sunny mountain range on earth. The park holds other tall mountain peaks including the Pyramid of Alpamayo, which is counted as one of the most attractive peaks in the world.
- Cusco Cathedral is located at Plaza de Armas in the center of Cusco. The cathedral was built in 1560 and was restored between 1997 and 2002. The bell tower still has the Matia Angola bell, which is made of more than 50 pounds of gold.
- El Panetario is an astronomical observatory built on the Morro Solar. The observatory gives a magnificent view of the coast of Lima and the island of San Lorenzo.
Peru has lots of historical sites spread almost all over the country. There is the Chan-Chan, an adobe town, which is still thriving. It is the capital city of a powerful kingdom, known as Chimu, and is considered as the biggest adobe town in the world. There is the pyramid of Lambayeque, equivalent to the tomb of Tutankhamen. There is Pachacamac, a very important temple before the Inca times.
Several hundred years from the Spanish conquest, Peru now has inherited big art expressions, beautiful cities, magnificent music, painting and architecture. These are the best-preserved historical sites depicting Peru's most sophisticated and influential ancient civilizations. The above noted sites are only a few of the Peruvian heritage sites that have been recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage sites.